Showing posts with label Bijak. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bijak. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is Bijak?





Bijak means "inventory." 



The Adigranth and the manuscripts of the religious institution Dadupanth include the other two major collections of poetry attributed to the poet-saint Kabir (mid-15th century?). 


  • Kabir is the most well-known of the sants, a group of poet-saints from central and northern India who share several concepts, including a focus on individualized, interior religion leading to a personal experience of the divine, a dislike for external ritual, particularly image worship, faith in the power of the divine Name, and a tendency to disregard traditional caste distinctions. 
  • In terms of established religious rituals and authority, Kabir is the most iconoclastic of all the sants. 
  • He always stresses the need of personal seeking and fulfillment. 




The Bijak is the scripture of the Kabirpanth, a religious group claiming to be Kabir's followers, which is noteworthy given the nature of Kabir's message. 


  • Certainly, the idea of declaring Kabir the founder of anything, or of his words acquiring the authority of a scripture, would have been rejected by him. 
  • The Bijak includes a variety of poems, including brief epigrams that have become proverbial wisdom, lengthier chaupai stanzas, and shorter two-line poetry (doha). 
  • The Bijak has linguistic characteristics that place it in the eastern portion of the Hindi language area, thus its popular moniker of "eastern" recension. 



Linda Hess and Shukdev Singh (trans. ), The Bijak of Kabir, 1983, contains translations of the text itself.




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