KIRAN ATMA: Agni
Showing posts with label Agni. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Agni. Show all posts

Hinduism And Hindu Theology - Who Is Agni?

Agni (“fire,” related with Latin ignis) is a Hindu god who may be found in all fires. 


  • Agni is also one of the eight dikpalas, or Directions Guardians, who is in charge of the southeast sector. 
  • Agni is one of the five elements in Hindu cosmology, and it is also fire. 
  • The Rig Vedic samhitas (hymns) and the Brahmanas, a later stream of Vedic literature stressing sacrificial rituals, both include Agni. 

The Rig Veda begins with a hymn to Agni, who is described as "the home priest, the deity and officiant of the sacrifice, [and] the giver of benefits" in the song. 

Agni remained significant to the Brahmanas since he was required for all rituals as the sacrifice fire. 


Agni's significance in these writings comes from his appearance in all three levels of the Vedic universe: 


  1. on the ground as fire, 
  2. in the intermediate atmospheric realm (antariksha) as lightning, 
  3. and in the sky as the sun. 


Agni became the gods' and humans' mediator because of his capacity to travel between various planes. 

  • Agni was the gods' messenger from above, and as the sacrificial fire on earth, he not only burned the gifts but also carried them to the gods above in the smoke. 
  • Agni is also known as the "mouth of the gods" because of his involvement in orchestrating the sacrifice. 


Unlike many other Vedic deities, Agni has maintained some significance even in modern times. 


  • Despite the fact that Vedic sacrifices are rare, sacrificial themes have been integrated into many modern rituals, with gifts (typically of clarified butter) being ladled into a sacrificial fire. 
  • Many rites, especially arati, in which lamps are waved in front of the figure of a deity as a gift of light, include fire. 
  • Agni is also the heavenly witness to the one deed that is generally thought to cement a marriage. 
  • The bride and groom make seven revolutions around a light or fire during agnipradakshinam. 
  • Even on the most basic level, fire is still necessary for everyday living since most Indians still cook over an open flame, whether it be coal, wood, dung, or bottled gas. 


Agni's daily usefulness, coupled with his constant ceremonial presence, has ensured his place in Hindu culture.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.