Showing posts with label Draupadi. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Draupadi. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Yudhishthira In Hindu Mythology?


("strength in combat") Yudhishthira is the oldest of the Pandava brothers, the epic's heroes, in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics.

When Yudhishthira's mother, Kunti, performs a strong mantra to have a son by Dharma, the deity of righteousness, Yudhishthira is miraculously born.

Yudhishthira is his father's son in every aspect; the epic describes him as the earthly incarnation of Dharma.

He is well-known for his steadfast allegiance to the truth, politeness for everybody, and commitment to virtue.

His only personal flaw is a gambling addiction, which is only matched by his complete lack of gaming skill, and this flaw has serious consequences.

Yudhishthira is chosen as successor to the kingdom by his uncle, Dhrtarashtra, because of his merits.

Duryodhana, Dhrtarashtra's son, is enraged by this decision.

He seeks to murder the Pandavas by constructing a highly flammable mansion.

The Pandavas manage to escape unscathed despite the home being set on fire.

Duryodhana decides to win Yudhishthira's right to the throne in a game of dice later.

Yudhishthira's gambling addiction gets the better of him here, when he is pitted against Duryodhana's maternal uncle, Shakuni, who is a competent player.

As Yudhishthira continues to lose, he bets more and larger amounts in an attempt to recoup his losses.

Yudhishthira bets himself and his brothers after losing their kingdom and all their possessions.

He wagers and loses the Pandava brothers' common wife, Draupadi, after losing this bet.

Draupadi is humiliated as a result of her miscarriage, and Duryodhana and his brother, Duhshasana, parade her around the assembly hall, her clothing smeared with her monthly blood.

This event accentuates the two groups' already strong enmi relations.

Duryodhana's father, King Dhrtarashtra, is shocked by the treatment and restores the Pandavas' freedom.

However, due to the loss in the dice game, the Pandavas agree to go into exile for twelve years and live incognito for the thirteenth, with the caveat that if they are discovered in the thirteenth year, the cycle will begin all over again.

Peacefully, Yudhishthira and his siblings complete their twelve-year exile.

They spend the thirteenth year at King Virata's court, where they stay undetected despite Duryodhana's spies' frantic searches.

Yudhishthira and his brothers return to claim their share of the kingdom after the thirteen years have gone.

Yudhishthira hopes for a peaceful resolution and sends Duryodhana a note suggesting that they would be content with only five villages, one for each brother.

Yudhishthira recognizes that they would not gain their rights without a fight as Duryodhana says that they will not get as much land as could fit beneath the tip of a needle.

He unwillingly enlists his siblings in the war effort.

He battles courageously in the big war, and after their triumph, he is anointed king.

Yudhishthira, after reigning for many years, sets off towards the Himalayas with his brothers and their bride, Draupadi, accompanied by a little dog.

Draupadi and his brothers die one by one as they ascend the mountains, but the dog stays with Yudhishthira.

Yudhishthira finds the deity Indra, the ruler of heaven, waiting for him in a gilded chariot at the summit of the Himalayas.

Yudhishthira is told by Indra that he would transport him to paradise, but that he will have to leave his dog behind.

Yudhishthira is adamant about not abandoning his loyal buddy, even if it means he will miss out on paradise.

The dog then exposes himself to be the disguised deity Dharma.

The moral of the narrative is that Yudhishthira never allows himself to wander too far from righteousness throughout his life; even at the end, he refuses to abandon it.

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Hinduism - Who Is Kichaka In Hindu Mythology?

Kichaka is King Virata's brother-in-law in the Mahabharata, the second of the two major Hindu epics.

During the year when the five Pandava brothers (the epic's heroes) travel incognito after twelve years of forest exile, King Virata is their host.

Kichaka is drawn to Draupadi, the Pandavas' common wife, who works as an attendant to one of the royal women at this period.

Despite her cries, Kichaka pursues her and punches her as she attempts to flee.

When Bhima, one of Draupadi's husbands, finds what has transpired, he is furious.

On the pretext of yielding to his impulses, he urges Draupadi to arrange a covert rendezvous with Kichaka.

Bhima disguises himself as Draupadi and kills `Kichaka with his own hands when he comes. 

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Hinduism - Who Is Jayadratha?

Jayadratha was a monarch who is married to the princess Dussala in the Mahabharata, the second of the two major Hindu epics.

Dussala is the sole sister of the Kauravas, the epic's villains, a group of one hundred brothers.

Jayadratha previously coveted the hand of Draupadi, but after losing her to the warrior Arjuna, he spends the rest of his life fighting Arjuna and his brothers, the Pandavas.

Jayadratha joins the side of the Kauravas during the Mahabharata conflict between the Pandavas and the Kauravas, and is finally murdered by Arjuna.

A heavenly voice foretold during Jayadratha's birth that whomever causes Jayadratha's head to fall to earth will have his head split into a hundred pieces.

Arjuna, a peerless archer, is aware of this and chops off Jayadratha's head with an arrow that rests in the lap of Jayadratha's father, Brhatkaya.

Brhatkaya is frightened to the point that he lets the head fall from his lap to the ground, shattering into a hundred pieces.


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Hinduism - Who Is Draupadi In The Mahabharata?

Draupadi is the daughter of King Drupada and the bride of the five Pandava brothers, the epic's heroes, in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics. 

This literary reference to polyandry (the marriage of one woman to several brothers) is intriguing since it seems to have been highly uncommon in Indian history, and the epic must explain how it occurred. 

Draupadi's father swears that he will only marry his daughter to a man who can raise a massive bow and then strike a target dangling in mid-air. 

For Arjuna, one of the Pandava brothers and the world's greatest archer, this is a piece of cake, and he marries Draupadi. 

While the wedding party is still outside, their mother Kunti declares that anything they have earned must be split among them. 

Each of the brothers marries Draupadi in order to please their mother. 

They agree to live with her for a year, during which time the others are forbidden from seeing her. 

In the epic, Draupadi's most famous incident occurs after her husband Yudhishthira has risked and lost her in a dice game. 

Yudhishthira has been playing with his cousins Duryodhana and Duhshasana, who see Yudhishthira's gaming ineptness as a chance to take over the kingdom. 

Duhshasana returns to Draupadi's room after the defeat and takes her back to the gaming hall by her hair. 

The fact that she is in the midst of her monthly cycle and is unable to change her ruined robe adds to her anguish and embarrassment. 

Draupadi is paraded and humiliated in front of the public like an animal at sale in the gambling hall, and her property status is highlighted when Duryodhana offers her his thigh (a metaphor for the genitals) as a seat. 

Duhshasana's ultimate insult is when she attempts to undress Draupadi by unraveling her sari. 

The deity Krishna performs a miracle here: Draupadi stays completely dressed no matter how much fabric Duhshasana takes away. 

He ultimately gives up, stunned and perplexed. 

Duryodhana's father, Dhrtarashtra, is shocked by her humiliation and begs Draupadi to pick a boon. 

She opts for freedom for her husbands, but they finally agree to go into exile. 

There had been friction between the Pandavas and their relatives even before this episode. 

However, the seeds of discord are sowed even deeper with these insults to Draupadi. 

Draupadi pledges to keep her hair unbound until she may wash it in Duhshasana's blood, while her husband Bhima swears to revenge Duryodhana's insult by shattering Duryodhana's "thigh." Draupadi's desire for vengeance and unwavering loathing for these two is a primary driving factor throughout the epic, propelling all sides into the final fratricidal conflict. 

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.