Showing posts with label Parvati. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Parvati. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Goddess Parvati In The Hindu Pantheon?

 

 ("mountain's daughter") Parvati is the Hindu goddess Parvati, who is the wife of the god Shiva and the daughter of the minor deity Himalaya (the Himalaya Mountains personified) and his wife Mena.

Shiva has been lost in monastic seclusion since the loss of his first wife, Sati, and Parvati comes in human form to entice him to father the offspring required to defeat the demon Taraka.

Even as a kid, Parvati swears to have only Shiva as her spouse, according to her legends.

Shiva has made a vow of asceticism and is engrossed in profound meditation on Mount Kailas, so her parents attempt to dissuade her.

Parvati's initial attempt to stir Shiva's passion fails miserably.

Kama, the god of love, attempts to kill Shiva with a desire arrow, but Shiva shoots a torrent of fire from his third eye, burning Kama to ash.

Undaunted, Parvati enters the mountains and starts her own program of extreme physical asceticism (tapas): standing for long periods of time on one foot, suffering the heat of summer and the cold of winter, and practicing severe fasting (upavasa) and self-denial.

Shiva is ultimately awakened by the spiritual strength created by her austerity, and he appears to her dressed as an elderly brahmin.

He attempts to dissuade Parvati by making harsh statements about Shiva's lifestyle and behavior, but Parvati remains steadfast in her decision.

Shiva eventually exposes his actual self to her, and the two marry.

Shiva is the Hindu image for the perfect husband because of his love to his bride, yet their family life is uncommon.

The pair has no stable residence or means of support since Shiva is the metaphor for the ideal ascetic, and Parvati is sometimes shown as lamenting about being an ascetic's wife.

Their marriage, symbolically, marks the ascetic's domestication and entry into social and family life.

Their marriage exemplifies the cultural conflict that exists between the two most fundamental Hindu religious ideals: the householder and the renunciant ascetic.

Shiva and Parvati conceive offspring, but not in the traditional way: Skanda grows from Shiva's semen, which falls on the ground during their interrupted love-making, while Ganesh develops from the invigorated soil from Parvati's body.

Parvati, like other married Hindu deities, is seen as compassionate and gentle.

She may be spiteful in certain legendary myths, but on the whole she exudes a loving and motherly presence.

Her mythology is nearly completely linked to Shiva's, demonstrating her subjugation as the perfect wife, and her devotion is also frequently linked to him.

Parvati has a crucial role in tantra, a secret, ritual-based religious practice, since she is often shown as the one asking Shiva and later as the pupil receiving his instructions in tantric scriptures.

See David R. Kinsley's Hindu Deities, 1986, for further information about Parvati and all the Hindu goddesses.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.



Hinduism - Who Is Mena In Hindu Mythology?

 


In Hindu mythology, the goddess Parvati's mother and the wife of the lesser deity Himalaya.

When Parvati declares her wish to marry the deity Shiva, Mena christens her daughter Uma with the exclamation "U Ma!" ("Oh, don't!").

The Shiva Purana describes Mena's first dissatisfaction with her unusual son-in-law, but then goes on to describe Shiva as the perfect husband, since he is entirely committed to his wife.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.



Hinduism - Who Is Mayashiva?

 


 ("Illusionary Shiva") is a term used to describe a person who is Jalandhara, a demon, takes the shape of the deity Shiva in Hindu mythology in order to seduce Parvati, the goddess, into having sexual intercourse with him.

Jalandhara has been unable to defeat Shiva in the battlefield, so he seeks to weaken Shiva's might by jeopardizing his wife's loyalty.

Jalandhara appears in the appearance of Shiva to Parvati, but she is so distrustful of him that he is unable to satisfy his wants.

When Vishnu (in the shape of Jalandhara) seduces Jalandhara's wife, Vrnda, Jalandhara's authority is finally undermined in the same manner.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.



Hinduism - What Is The Kumarasambhava?


Kumarasambhava ("Prince's Birth") is one of Kalidasa's best literary works.

Kalidasa is widely regarded as the greatest classical Sanskrit poet.

The Kumarasambhava is a mythologically inspired epic poetry.

It starts with the ascension of Taraka, a demon who obtains a holy gift that he can only be destroyed by a Shiva son.

The poem tells the story of Shiva and Parvati's long romance, marriage, and lovemaking.

The narrative stops before the birth of the deity Skanda, who is said to have killed Taraka in other mythological versions of the story.

Because of the sudden conclusion, some interpreters believe the play is incomplete.

Others see these subsequent occurrences as a predetermined conclusion, allowing the poet to avoid wasting his audience's time.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.



Hinduism - What Is The Karva Chauth Festival?

 

 

Karva Chauth is a Hindu festival celebrated in the month of Karva Chauth.

On the fourth (chauth) day of the dark, waning half of the lunar month Kartik (October–November), a religious vow (vrat) is observed.

Married women perform Karva Chauth to protect their husbands' health, wealth, and longevity.

Women's observances and sacrifices are focused towards sustaining the family's wellbeing and wealth through a variety of vows.

Although such vows are strictly optional, there is significant societal pressure on women to take them in order to fulfill their anticipated role as "good" spouses.

Karva Chauth is an extremely stringent vow in which ladies do not eat or drink until the moon rises in the evening.

When the moon emerges, the ladies bring it water before being allowed to drink.

Women may also worship Shiva and Parvati (the holy model of a happily married couple) and Karttikeya, their son, on this evening.

The festival's name comes from the fact that women exchange tiny pots (karva) loaded with sweets.

The founding story for this observance describes how a young bride becomes dizzy and almost dead while fasting at her birthplace.

Her brothers are so concerned about her health that one climbs up a tree with a lamp, convincing her that the light is coming from the rising moon.

The young lady is relieved, but her husband passes out as soon as she sips water.

Her brothers are forced to admit what they have done at some point.

As the lady laments her newly acquired widowhood, she is found by the goddess Parvati, who informs her that if she diligently observes Karva Chauth the next year, her husband would be returned to life.

The young lady follows the instructions and reclaims her spouse.

This story includes valuable cultural knowledge, especially about people's differing duties.

It is a brother's responsibility to safeguard his sister.

A wife's first responsibility is to her husband, and she should dedicate her efforts to his well-being.

The repercussions of failing to follow a religious observance are immediate and terrible, as they are in many such stories, and the benefits of properly doing it are as spectacular. 


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.