Showing posts with label Harihara. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Harihara. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Vijayanagar Dynasty Of India?

 

 

Vijayanagar Dynasty is a dynasty in India that dates back to the 15th century.

Vijayanagar ("Victory City") is the last of the ancient Hindu kingdoms in southern India, named for its capital city near modern-day Hampi in Karnataka.

Harihara, a provincial administrator of the Tughluq dynasty who broke away to carve up a state on the middle Deccan plateau, created the kingdom in 1336.

Throughout its history, the kingdom saw phases of growth and decline.

It ruled most of southern India in the early fifteenth century, but then declined and lost territory; this was followed by a period of renewal in the early sixteenth century, during the reign of Krishna Deva Raya, and finally ended after the battle of Talikota in 1565, when the ruling prince Rama Raja was decisively defeated by a coalition of sultans from the northern Deccan.

The city of Vijayanagar was abandoned almost immediately, but it still retains outstanding specimens of late medieval Hindu art and architecture, despite the ravages of time.


~Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - Who Is Harihara Of The Vijayanagar Empire?

 


Harihara (early 14th c.) - The founder of the Vijayanagar ("city of triumph") empire, which reigned over most of southern India for the next two centuries after it was founded in 1336.

The empire was named after Harihara's capital city, which was located near the modern-day city of Hampi in Karnataka.

Harihara was kidnapped as a child by Bahmani sultanate forces in the north and converted to Islam while in captivity, making him an outcast among conventional Hindus.

Harihara was dispatched as a young man to reclaim the sultanate's southern territory, but instead utilized the chance to establish his own empire.

Harihara reverted to Hinduism after obtaining power, despite having become an outcast for accepting Islam.

His case exemplifies both the mobility of religious identification in early medieval India and Hindu pragmatism in the face of the reigning forces.

Despite the fact that Harihara had previously been an outcast, his influence as monarch provided him the authority to convert without opposition. 


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Hinduism - Who Is Harihara?


A god who is said to be a mix of the gods Hari (Vishnu) and Hara (Vishnu) (Shiva).

The conviction that both of these divinities were different expressions of the same divine force lay behind this hybrid god.

This underlying oneness was shown in a variety of ways.

One method was to build a figure with Shiva's qualities on the right half and Vishnu's on the left.

Another popular way in current poster art is to depict both Vishnu and Shiva in their complete forms, riding their respective animal vehicles.

Vishnu's elephant and Shiva's bull are linked at the head in such a manner that the heads of both creatures may be discerned, but only one can be seen at any one time.

The elephant-bull and the split image both illustrate that Vishnu and Shiva are manifestations of the same divine force, and that whatever god one experiences at any one time is determined by one's current viewpoint.

The Harihara image as a whole represents a significant religious truth, yet it is simply too abstract to become popular or ubiquitous.

People have preferred to worship one or the other of these deities in their daily religious lives, rather than their idealized combination. 


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