Showing posts with label Arthapatti. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Arthapatti. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is Pratyaksha Or Perception In Hindu Philosophy?

 

Perception (pratyaksha) was acknowledged as a pramana by all philosophical systems, and most also accepted inference (anu mana) and authoritative testimony (shabda).

"Presumption" (arthapatti) and "knowledge from absence" were the two new modes developed by the Mimamsas (abhava).

These additions were justified by the Mimamsas, who claimed that they accounted for knowledge that could not be assimilated under the existing pramanas.

Arthapatti is a kind of inference from circumstance in which a decision is formed regarding one instance only on the basis of comparable situations.

Consider the assumption that a passenger arrived at his or her destination after the train's scheduled arrival time had passed.

This is not a genuine inference, according to Indian philosophy, since the latter must always be verified by direct perception.

Similarly, abhava, or the experience of any absence (for example, the absence of any thing before one), could not be explained by any of the existing pramanas, necessitating the creation of this new one.

Aside from Jaimini, the Mimamsas' most notable individuals are Kumarila and Prabhakara, both of whom lived in the seventh century.

Karl H. Potter's Presuppositions of India's Philosophies was published in 1972, and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Charles A. Moore (eds.) published A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy in 1957.



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Hinduism And Hindu Theology - What Is Arthapatti In Hindu Philosophy?



Presumption  or Arthapatti - All Indian philosophical traditions are concerned with codifying the pramanas, or methods by which humans may acquire genuine and correct knowledge. 

Almost all schools regard perception (pratyaksha), inference (anumana), and authoritative testimony (shabda) to be pramanas; the Purva Mimamsa school, one of the six ancient Hindu philosophical systems, added two more: abhava (“knowledge from absence”) and arthapatti. 



Arthapatti is a kind of inference based on circumstance in which a decision is reached regarding one instance purely on the basis of parallels to other situations. 


  • When a passenger is believed to have arrived at her destination after the train's scheduled arrival time has past, for example. 
  • This is not a valid conclusion, according to Indian philosophy, since a judgment must always be verified by direct perception, in this instance, that the train had arrived at its destination. 

The Purva Mimamsas defended the creation of this new pramana by claiming that this knowledge could not be explained by any of the other pramanas, necessitating the creation of this new one. 

The other institutions were hesitant to adopt it because of its presumptuous character, which might lead to mistakes.



You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.