Showing posts with label Bhadrakali. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bhadrakali. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Virabhadra?


Virabhadra is a powerful being created by the god Shiva to humble the demigod Daksha and destroy Daksha's sacrifice, according to Hindu mythology.

Daksha gives his daughter, Sati, to Shiva to marry, but later feels Shiva has not treated him with respect.

Daksha plans a large sacrifice and invites all the gods except Shiva to it in order to humble Shiva.

When Sati inquires as to why her father has done so, Daksha lashes out at Shiva, calling him worthless and despicable.

Sati, humiliated by these public insults, kills herself—in some versions, by leaping into the sacrificial fire, and in others, by withdrawing into a yogic trance and giving up her life.

When Shiva learns of Sati's death, he is enraged and tears two matted locks (jata) from his head and dashes them to the ground, according to the most popular version of Virabhadra's creation.

One matted lock assumes the form of Virabhadra, while the other assumes the form of Bhadrakali, the Goddess's most powerful and terrifying form.

Bhadrakali represents the Goddess's ferocious and dangerous side, in contrast to the gentle and loyal Sati, just as Virabhadra represents Shiva's destructive side.

The two demolish Daksha's sacrifice on Shiva's orders, scattering the guests and destroying the sacred fires, until Daksha repents and worships Shiva as the supreme deity.

Despite the fact that Virabhadra's actions in this story are destructive, he is and remains Shiva's servant, carrying out his divine master's commands, which ultimately uphold the created order.

~Kiran Atma

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Hinduism - What Is The Festival Of Janmashtami?

Festival commemorating the birth of Lord Krishna on the eighth day (ashtami) of the dark (waning) half of the lunar month Bhadrapada (August–September).

This festival, like other Krishna-related festivals, is celebrated mostly in the Braj area, where Krishna is said to have resided, but it is also commemorated throughout the nation.

Since Krishna is claimed to have been born at midnight, devotees (bhakta) typically remain up late into the night, and the celebrations are sometimes punctuated by singing, chanting, parades, and plays portraying episodes in Krishna's life.

The Krishna lilas are performed at the town of Brindavan, which is historically thought to have been Krishna's boyhood home, during the month of Janmashtami.

Krishna is the ninth son of Devaki and Vasudeva, according to legend.

He is born in a jail in the city of Mathura, where Devaki's brother, the cruel king Kamsa, is holding his parents.

Kamsa has imprisoned the two in order to avoid being slain by his sister Devaki's eighth son, according to a prophesy.

When Krishna is born, wonderful things happen: the jailers go into a deep slumber, the closed prison doors suddenly open, and Vasudeva is able to take the newborn out of the prison to the house of the couple who would become his foster parents, Nanda and Yashoda.

That night, Vasudeva arrives with Yashoda's new-born baby daughter, who is really the goddess Bhadrakali in disguise.

The following morning, Kamsa murders the kid by slamming her on a stone, but a terrifying form of the Goddess emerges from the corpse, taunting Kamsa by informing him that the person who would kill him has already fled. 

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Hinduism - Who Is Bhadrakali?

Bhadrakali (from the Sanskrit word bhadra, which means "blessed") - The epithet of a strong, fierce, war-like, blood-lusting, and frightening manifestation of the Great Primordial, and Invincible Goddess of Time in Hindu mythology. 

Bhadrakali's birth is linked to the death of Shiva's first wife, Sati, according to one version of the tale. 

  • Sati participates in a major sacrifice organized by her father, Daksha. 
  • Sati immolates herself in the sacrificial fire in her wrath and humiliation after Daksha publicly criticizes her husband Shiva. 
  • Shiva is so angry when he hears of Sati's death that he plucks two matted locks (jata) from his head and throws them to the ground. 

The one assumes the shape of Virabhadra, Shiva's wrathful and frightening form, while the second assumes the form of Bhadrakali. 

  • In the same way that Virabhadra represents Shiva's destructive side, Bhadrakali depicts the Goddess's fierce and deadly side, in contrast to the gentle and devoted Sati. 
  • Shiva commands the two to destroy Daksha's sacrifice, which they execute with zeal. 
  • Bhadrakali is frequently mentioned in tales about the birth of the deity Krishna. 
  • Bhadrakali enters the womb of Krishna's foster mother, Yashoda, as Krishna is growing in Devaki's womb. 

The two infants are born on the same night and are swapped with one another under the cover of darkness. 

  • The following morning, Devaki's newborn daughter is kidnapped by her stepbrother, Kamsa, the evil king of Mathura, who smashes the child's brains into a rock, exactly like he did with Devaki's other six children since it was prophesied that one of them would murder him. 

  • An eight-armed figure of the Goddess emerges from the infant's body, taunting Kamsa that his destroyer has already fled and then vanishes.

You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.