Showing posts with label Dharma. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Dharma. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is Purushartha In Hindu Culture?

 The four aims of life are: worldly prosperity and power (artha), pleasure (kama), religious obligation (dharma), and ultimate liberation (moksha).

In traditional Hindu culture, all of these were considered respectable aspirations.

Also look up Hindu 'Aims of Life'.

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Hinduism - What Is Moksha In Hindu Spirituality?

Moksha is one of the four purusharthas, or life goals, in Indian philosophy; the others are artha (money, power, and success), kama (desire), and dharma (proper action) (righteousness).

The ultimate liberation of the human soul (atman) from the cycle of reincarnation is known as moksha (samsara).

Questioning and eventually distancing oneself from regular social interests is part of the search for liberation.

Despite the fact that all four purusharthas are lawful and sanctioned, emancipation is often seen as the final aim, the last objective to be achieved after the other three's joys and pains have been satisfied.

Moksha is likewise permanent, offering complete and perfect liberation, while the other three are transient since they are sought in the ever-changing world of wants.

The eleventh day (ekadashi) of the bright half of Margashirsha (November–December) is celebrated as #

Mokshada Ekadashi is devoted to Vishnu, as are other eleventh-day observances.

Most Hindu holidays have mandated ceremonies, which generally include fasting (upavasa) and devotion, and frequently promise particular rewards if performed faithfully.

The soul is said to get ultimate emancipation (moksha) if this festival is faithfully observed.

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Hinduism - What Is The Hindu Concept Of Dharma?

The other three purusharthas, or life goals, are artha (money, power, and success), kama (desire), and moksha (liberation) (liberation). 

The notion of dharma is so fundamental to Hindu society that no one English phrase can effectively convey it— potential translations include "religious law," "religious obligation," "duty," "religion," "law," or "social order." The term dharma is derived from a verb that means "to maintain" or "to uphold." Dharma is therefore defined as that which sustains or maintains society, which explains why all of the above translations make sense in this context. 

Dharma provides a general regulatory framework for living in the world, as well as a sense of ultimate purpose to keep one's life in check. 

Although Hindu culture encourages the pursuit of both power (artha) and pleasure (kama), it is thought that both will be regulated by an underlying commitment to dharma, which will keep one's life balanced and connected. 

The Dharma literature, particularly the Dharma Sutras (aphorisms on religious duty) and Dharma Shastras (treatises on religious duty), was principally concerned with putting down principles for an ordered and harmonious society, and these guidelines take many conceivable aspects into consideration. 

Despite the fact that these writings talked of an everlasting (sanatana) dharma and some universal obligations (sadharana dharma) that all humans must do, the most essential thing for every individual was his or her own dharma (svadharma). 

Based on one's social standing (varna), period of life (ashrama), and gender (the specific dharma for women was stridharma), one's svadharma offered a well-defined social status and duty. 

These books were almost certainly written by brahmin (priest) males, and they tell everything about how they felt things should be, but they are significantly less dependable when it comes to real social behaviors. 

The men who wrote this literature imagined an unequal society in which one's karma (actions), whether good, bad, or mixed, determined one's birth into high or low status groups. 

Despite their unequal standing, all groups were required for society to operate peacefully, and ultimate virtue resided in scrupulously completing one's designated social duty. 

Doing so dutifully was not only a source of religious merit, but it was also defined as one of the three pathways towards soul liberation, the road of Action, provided one performed one's tasks dispassionately from a feeling of responsibility (karmamarga). 

See Pandurang Vaman Kane (trans. ), A History of Dharmasastra, 1968, and K. S. Mathur, “Hindu Values of Life: Karma and Dharma,” in T. N. Madan (ed. ), Religion in India, 1991, for further information. 

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Hinduism - Who Is Dharma, The Deity? What Are The Dharma Sutras?

A god who is seen as the embodiment of dharma, or religious responsibility. 

The five Pandava brothers, who are the epic's protagonists, all have heavenly fathers in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics, and the oldest brother Yudhishthira is the son of Dharma. 

Yudhishthira and his brothers are from a kingly (kshatriya) family, yet Yudhishthira cares much about truth, morality, and compassion. 

None of these are traditional kshatriya attributes, which emphasize bravery and martial valor, and Yudhishthira's qualities are generally explained by evoking his heavenly father's influence. 

In medieval Bengal, a new kind of Dharma cult evolved from the blending of Buddhist, Muslim, and Hindu concepts. 

Dharma was worshiped as a formless one ultimate Lord in this religion (perhaps reflecting Islamic influence), yet the worship of Dharma had many parallels to Bengali Hindu rites. 

Obscure Religious Cults, by Shashibhushan B. Dasgupta, was published in 1962. 

Dharma Literature is a term that refers to the study of the Buddha's teachings.

Many books address the issue of dharma, or religious responsibility, either openly or implicitly. 

The Vedas are the earliest Hindu holy books, and they are said to define the eternal (sanatana) dharma. 

The Dharma Sutras, composed in an aphoristic (sutra) style between the seventeenth and second centuries B.C.E., are the earliest important works specifically dedicated to dharma. 

The Dharma Sutras were all associated with certain Vedic schools, and were therefore mainly meant as a behavior handbook for members of that school alone, at least in principle. 

The Dharma Sutras were followed by the Dharma Shastras, which enlarged and placed into verse the information in the Dharma Sutras; these writings provided instructions for all members of society and were therefore meant to be "legal" in their significance. 

The Manava Dharma Shastra (Manu Smrti), written around the turn of the common period, was one of the first. 

Although the most notable works were written by the sixteenth century, the process of reconsidering and developing this legal heritage via commentary has persisted till now. 

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