Showing posts with label Raghuvamsha. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Raghuvamsha. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is The Raghuvamsha?

 

("Raghu's Family Tree") One of Kalidasa's major poetry works.

Kalidasa is widely regarded as the best classical Sanskrit poet.

The Raghuvamsha is a nineteen-canto quasi-historical epic dedicated to the Solar Line's rulers, notably its most prominent member, the god-king Rama.

Although Kalidasa presents Rama as an avatar or heavenly incarnation in a manner that Valmiki does not, the tale of Rama in Kalidasa's poetry is very comparable to that of the epic Ramayana.

The Solar Line rulers are also used in Kalidasa's poetry as examples of dedication to the four purposes of life (purushartha): riches (artha), pleasure (kama), religious duty (dharma), and release (release) (moksha).

The rulers at the end of the line, according to Kalidasa, are entirely immoral and just interested in pleasure.

The line is destroyed as a result of their flagrant disregard for their obligation to govern justly, and the poem's audience learns a valuable lesson.


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Hinduism - Who Is Kalidasa?


 (fifth century?) He is widely regarded as the greatest Sanskrit writer, known for his knowledge of the language as well as his ability to elicit lyrical feeling (rasa) in his listeners.

There is little definitive information concerning Kalidasa's life; even his birth and death dates have been disputed.

Kalidasa was an ignorant rural kid, according to folklore.

He was portrayed as a suitor for an educated princess who had promised to marry only a man who could beat her in a silent argument—that is, a discussion in which gestures were used instead of words—as a joke.

Through happenstance and mutual misinterpretation, Kalidasa "defeated" the princess and married her.

When the princess discovered Kalidasa's illiteracy, she kicked him out of the home and told him he couldn't come back until he was educated.

In despair, he went to a temple dedicated to the goddess Kali and was ready to make a human sacrifice when Kali arrived and bestowed complete knowledge of Sanskrit onto him.

"Have you achieved competence in [Sanskrit] speech?" his wife is said to have questioned him upon his return.

"Asti kascit vagviseshatah?" says the narrator.

Kalidasa responded slowly, utilizing the three lines from his wife's query as the initial words of his three greatest works: Kumarasambhava, Meghaduta, and Raghuvamsha.

He's also the creator of the Abhijnanashakuntala, Vikramorvashiya, and Malavikagnimitra tragedies.

These writings are said to have earned him the favour of monarch Vikramaditya, whose court Kalidasa is typically connected with.

Kalidasa's extraordinary gift of learning is also said to have caused his death, according to legend.

Kalidasa saw his wife as his guru or religious instructor since she had sparked his interest in study.

He denied any sexual intercourse with her out of respect.

She cursed him to die at the hands of a woman, enraged at his rejection.

A king created a line of poem many years later and gave a great reward to the person who could write the finest finish.

While enjoying the company of a prostitute, Kalidasa learned about the competition and simply produced the ideal finish.

The courtesan stabbed and murdered Kalidasa in her desire for the reward.

Despite the fact that her crime was uncovered and she was punished, this narrative exemplifies Hindu belief in fate's inexorable force, especially when it is fueled by a curse.

 


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.