Showing posts with label Disease. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Disease. Show all posts

What Does Sattva Mean In Yoga?



Table Of Contents
THE KEY TO EXPAND TIME IS SATTVA.
THE HOLISTIC EDGE.
TAMAS IN RAJAS LIFESTYLES.
MAINTAINING A LIFESTYLE OF EQUILIBRIUM.


THE  KEY TO EXPAND TIME IS SATTVA. 




Sattva is one of the three gunas (natural characteristics) in yogic philosophy. 


  • It is the attribute of purity and tranquility
  • The other two gunas are tamas, which represents darkness and lethargy, and rajas, which represents energy and passion, and the aim is to balance these three characteristics as much as possible in your everyday life.


There are many therapy regimens in Ayurveda. Rather of stressing about rajas and tamas, one strategy is to concentrate on increasing sattva. 


  • Another way to deal with the maha gunas is to balance excess tamas with a little amount of rajas, or to decrease excess rajas with a small amount of tamas.
  • You may begin to push prana (life energy) not just throughout your physical body but also into your mental body to produce a heightened level of awareness after you have balanced your outer koshas via diet, lifestyle changes, and a yoga practice.



THE HOLISTIC EDGE.


Unlike Mechanistic healing, the Holistic approach everything is interdependent and interrelated.



The comprehensive system may seem complex, yet the method is quite reasonable. 


  • When we compare the human body to a machine, its processes seem to be extremely basic if we ignore awareness. 
  • Machines are simple to humans since they were created by humans and can be understood by them. 
  • Humans, on the other hand, are much more complex than any machine. 
  • Machines operate on orders and are not aware of their surroundings. 
  • Humans have a sense of judgment or intelligence (buddhi), and as a result, they have the ability to make their own decisions. 
  • In comparison to a computer network, this makes human-to-human contact very difficult. 




It's impossible to utilize holistic medicine without also living a holistic way of life, and it's also impossible to live a holistic life in secret since it affects every area of your life. 


  • You can't disregard your job situation, personal connections, social conduct, or sexuality; if one of these is out of balance, it gradually impacts the others, setting off a chain of bad occurrences. 
  • The holistic approach rejects chance theory and stresses that everything occurs for a purpose. 
  • Chance, according to the mechanistic view of existence, has a significant influence in cosmic events and human life. 




Many individuals who are influenced by this viewpoint have extremely fragmented lives. 


  • They are expected to do their duties in a machine-like manner, because after all, there is a widespread assumption that there is just a material world. 
  • As a result, the existence of the soul as the source of awareness is denied. 
  • This mechanical perspective of existence rejects the idea of a latent spiritual force that exists within all of us, that may be awakened via sattva (see also the previous chapter), and that can be utilized for good. 
  • Many diseases and illnesses are caused by a lack of inner quiet and serenity, as well as other associated sattvic characteristics. 




Our lives are highly unbalanced and dominated by rajas and tamas, with little sattva. 

  • This is due to the imposition of the mechanistic perspective. 
  • We examined the six-dimensional equilibrium that humans should strive towards. 
  • Each of the six dimensions is linked, and an imbalance in one of them leads to an imbalance in the rest of one's life. 



People are always "in a rush." Time is meticulously scheduled, often a year, two years, or even many years ahead of time. 


I met a lady from Switzerland while on vacation on the island of Bali. 

 

She expressed herself by saying,

 

"People in Bali believe that we Europeans are extremely lucky and happy because we are wealthy. They have no idea that we work nonstop and will never be able to enjoy the easy life that they have on this island." 



This is absolutely correct! 

When I go from Bangalore to a Himalayan facility, I get the same feeling. 

The people who dwell in the Himalayan mountains' interior live modest yet peaceful lives. 

When I return to Bangalore, on the other hand, I observe the prevalent craziness caused by people's very "busy" and hectic lifestyles. 




TAMAS IN RAJAS LIFESTYLES


There is a significant degree of tamas in rajas-dominated lifestyles. 



In today's world, there is a lot of competition. When it comes to employment, people aren't always honest. This has an impact on everyone of us. 


  • To persuade someone to purchase a thing, a salesman, for example, must use misleading reasoning. 
  • To promote its anti-health, anti-environment goods, big business tells a lot of falsehoods. 
  • A farmer pollutes the environment with pesticides, while industrial pollutants contaminate our drinking water. 



There are many rajas and tamas in life. There isn't enough sattva. 


In the true sense, there is no quiet or serenity. People are too busy, even during their vacations, which are once again controlled by the rajas. 

  • Rajas spend the most of their free time on a daily basis. 
  • In general, watching television is rajas and tamas, and if done for an extended period of time, it may disrupt vata and kapha. 



People continue to follow a daily pattern dominated by rajas and tamas, with rajas-dominated leisure time. 


  • Rajas rule throughout the day while tamas rule at night. 
  • They enter a tamas state of mind throughout the night since sleep is tamas.
  • Their sleep, however, is mixed with rajas owing to the frenetic activities of the day. 
  • The following day starts, and they are once again in a condition of rajas and tamas. 
  • Life continues in this manner until some of them are unable to bear it any longer. 
  • Some people slip into a predominating tamas condition after a lengthy time of hyperrajas. 
  • As a result, people get sad or succumb to another severe illness. 



MAINTAINING A LIFESTYLE OF EQUILIBRIUM.


It is critical that we better arrange our lives and intermix our activities during the day and sleep at night with sattva in order to achieve equilibrium. 




We will be able to work with a peaceful mind, feel relaxed, and be able to endure pressure at work if we can bring a balance with sattva in the rajas and tamas elements of our life. 


  • Stress or strain produced at work will not damage our health if we are able to take energy from the infinite source (the soul) via sattvic techniques. 
  • Similarly, if we can obtain sattvic sleep with our efforts, we would be revitalized, waking up invigorated after a good night's sleep. 
  • Sattva is beneficial for lifespan, health, and increased productivity. 



You can do more in less time if you train your mind to achieve inner calm. 


  • In addition, sattva is necessary for maintaining balance in the three mental processes, since without it, we eventually develop a humor imbalance. 
  • Let's wait and see what occurs. Excessive rajas leads to vata imbalance over time. 
  • It also causes sleep disruptions, which is a vata-related activity. 




Excessive rajas, or too much activity during the day, should be balanced by serenity and tranquility at the mental level; if this is not done, unrest will be carried to sleep time. 


  • This implies that the day's disruptions, stress, and confusion must be brought to a halt with deliberate effort. 
  • Otherwise, you fall asleep because your body is weary, but your mind is not at ease. 
  • You may also be unable to sleep if the nature of your job does not physically exhaust you. 
  • If you have a vata constitution, not getting enough sleep may lead to constipation the following day. 
  • Constipation can deplete vata even more, and you may feel weary and stiff the next day when you wake up. 
  • You may also have a dry throat and be restless at night. 



As a result, an imbalance in one of the six main components responsible for body/mind activity and mental characteristics sets in motion a chain of events. 


  • Vata is the most readily decreased humor of our day, owing to the preponderance of rajas in our contemporary manner of life. 
  • We live in a vata society, as I frequently remark. 
  • We may keep our humor from being vitiated and avoid health issues by incorporating sattva into our everyday life. 

Thus, we must strive to better incorporate the sattvic style of life.




You may also want to read more about Ayurveda here.


You may also want to read more about Kundalini Yoga here.

You may also want to read more about Yoga here.


You may also want to read more about Yoga Asanas and Exercises here.


You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.






Global Transition Amidst COVID-19 Crisis



Is it possible to imagine a new common, particularly in these trying times of pandemic and big socioeconomic crisis? 

What will it look like, and how will we get there when maintaining the best features of the old common? 


The new common will and should, of course, be a positive reflection of the old common. 

It will have to be more egalitarian, diverse, and less limited, provide more leeway for younger generations, be founded on precautionary standards, leave no one behind, and consider the larger world in which we as a species are inextricably linked.  


One positive hope is that, having learnt our lessons well, we as humans will draw lessons from this massive trauma, come to our senses, and change our ways of thinking and acting. 


Most analysts are pessimistic and point to the recent financial crash, which lasted from 2008 to 2014 and saw some changes but many aspects remain the same.

 Nonetheless, there are high expectations for the situation in which the ongoing crisis would provide a boost to projects that were already underway, such as energy transformation efforts. 


In general, the transition from the old to the new traditional is referred to as the "Second Deep Transition," while the "First Deep Transition" is referred to as industrialization. 


According to Schot et al. (2020), We need a massive shift in our systems toward a low-carbon, circular economy, built on a stronger mix between local and global demand, modern peer-to-peer distribution systems, a social economy, and the emergence of new types of utilities (and commons) to replace mass production, such as mobility as a commodity rather than more cars. 


Clearly, making this transformation requires flexibility, and can be interpreted not only as the ability to “bounce back” to a previous condition, but also as the ability to predict improvements and, in particular, to invent (Wilthagen and Bongers 2020). 


The road to the next standard beyond the coronavirus epidemic, according to a recent McKinsey study (Sneader and Singhal 2020), is divided into five phases: 


  1. resolution, 
  2. resilience, 
  3. return, 
  4. reimagination, 
  5. and change. 


A long-term process of reimagination and reform is needed to define a new common. It's not a slam-dunk situation. 

The next move will be complicated by vested interests and power dynamics. Various philosophical, ethical, and sociological perspectives have attempted to define the ideal of a society founded on shared ideals. 

One example is “communitarianism,” which was popularized at the turn of the millennium by writers such as Etzioni (2003), who claimed that “communitarianism is a social theory that holds that culture can express what is good–that such articulations are both essential and legitimate.” 


Classic liberalism, a philosophical stance that holds that each person can formulate the good on his or her own, is often contrasted with communitarianism... 


The forms in which common conceptions of the good (values) are created, communicated, justified, and applied are examined by communitarians. 

So, where do we bet in terms of forming a new common, and what are the game changers? 

Certainly, one of the most intriguing solution fields is the digital transformation's future. 

Benkler (2006) asserted in his book The Wealth of Networks more than a decade ago that, with the rise of the Internet and the upcoming digitalization, a new economic system based on commons will become possible again, as cheap computing power combined with global communication networks will allow people to produce valuable products through non-commercial processes of interaction: 

“As human beings being HUMANS being Humane" 

The concept "networked knowledge economy" was coined by Blenkler to describe a "method of output, delivery, and consumption of information products defined by decentralized individual action carried out by widely dispersed, nonmarket methods that are not reliant on market strategies." 

He also coined the phrase "commons-oriented peer development" to describe collective projects based on knowledge sharing. 

Free and open source software platforms are current examples of commons-based peer productions. 


We contend that the digital revolution in the modern popular would be driven by the networked knowledge economy. 


  • The opportunity to accelerate the creation of a modern and unparalleled type of artificial intelligence, which will transform the new common, is enabled by the pervasive abundance of data combined with the limitless potential of smart algorithms. 
  • According to Mayer-Schönberger and Cukier (2013) and Kolb (2013), the "Big Data Revolution" represents a hope that could help us as humans overcome our limitations. 

Observing slow and longitudinal transition, rather than abrupt shocks, has significant drawbacks. SARS and coronaviruses have made significant inroads, for example. 

Furthermore, our capacity to consider and understand interaction effects among a large number of variables, as well as our calculation speed, is limited. 

This has become abundantly obvious thanks to Watson, the IBM supercomputer, and the gaming machines Deep Blue and AlphaGo. 

Instead of the drastic ex-post evaluations that we are doing now, big data and smart technology could help us escape the catastrophe of the commons by telling us in real time, or even ex-ante, what the collective—say common—impact of our individual desires and behavior is. 


Because with all the smart devices, apps, and networks that modern technology allows, we are increasingly becoming a digital world. 


We work from home using shared working environments such as Microsoft Teams, Zoom, Skype, and other similar programs. 


  • Smart smartphone applications with mapping and tracing capabilities are being rolled out. 
  • Predictive analytics is used to forecast future scenarios and predict local breakouts.
  •  To monitor people's temperatures, robots are currently stationed at airports and hospitals. 
  • Wearable sensors are being used to alert staff whether they are approaching each other too closely. 
  • Face-to-face and direct touch are being replaced by innovative ways to communicate our emotions and thoughts with our loved ones as well as a wider, mostly anonymous crowd via social media. 


The coronavirus epidemic is hastening the digital evolution of people, our culture, and also our world. 

  • In his most recent book, Homo Deus, Harari (2017) convincingly argues that the forces of big data and smart algorithms are already at work, shaping the twenty-first century into an all-encompassing knowledge society. 
  • Lovelock (2019) expands on the concepts of a hypothetical knowledge world, implying the importance of digital transformation on a global scale. 
  • Artificial intelligence, with its supreme power and knowledge, has the potential to usher us out of the current Anthropocene and into the “Novacene.” 
  • For the time being, “cyborgs” will work alongside us humans—a new and very uncommon occurrence—but at some point, they will take over our tasks in order to best serve our old planet's ecosystem, “keeping Earth cool to fend for itself.” 
  • According to Lovelock, the cyborg will eventually take over the world and depart because living on Earth is no longer viable due to the rising heat of the sun's evolution as a dying star. 

Both of these visions of a new popular are both convincing and terrifying, as all-encompassing artificial superintelligence does not prove to be a "blessing in device," but rather a "devil in device" (Wilthagen and Schoots 2019). 


We must make sure that the digital revolution enhances our well-being and welfare for as long as possible. 


  • Bostrom (2014) expands on the risks of this human-made superintelligence from an ethical, legal, and social viewpoint in his groundbreaking book, in order to promote discussion on a human-centric artificial intelligence. 
  • The convergence between technology and human ideals, culminating in "responsible AI," is a necessary precondition for a new popular that can outperform the old common, even in a world that faces extreme constraints due to the existing or new viruses (Dignum 2019). 
  • For the time being, the only remaining question is how to start from here. While there is no readily accessible blueprint for the new common, we may want to use the United Nations' seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (2020) as a baseline and guideline. 
  • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a blueprint for a greater, more sustainable world for allThey discuss global issues such as poverty, malnutrition, water management, injustice, climate change, environmental pollution, unity, and justice, among others. 


They are all intertwined, and it is important that we complete them all by 2030 in order to leave no one behind. 

These objectives clearly have the potential to provide humanity with a viable path into the future (O'Connor 2018). 


To ensure the likelihood of a meaningful commitment to a new common, the metrics associated with the SDGs should be turned into strategic program and response perspectives for all related societal organizations. 


  • The SDGs have the potential to accelerate transformation by providing a narrative and an opportunity for everyone to talk in one voice about sustainability in its broadest context. 
  • By adhering to the SDGs, businesses and investors will gain access to markets with limitless opportunity for profit and development while still contributing to a more prosperous future. 


These objectives clearly have the potential to provide humanity with a viable path into the future. 


  • To ensure the likelihood of a meaningful commitment to a new common, the metrics associated with the SDGs should be turned into strategic program and response perspectives for all related societal organizations. 
  • The SDGs have the potential to accelerate transformation by providing a narrative and an opportunity for everyone to talk in one voice about sustainability in its broadest context. 
  • By adhering to the SDGs, businesses and investors will gain access to markets with limitless opportunity for profit and development while still contributing to a more prosperous future. Hoek (2018) explains how to accomplish this much-needed "Trillion Dollar Change." 
  • The importance of human-centric artificial intelligence in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals is discussed by Vinuesa et al. (2020). 


Such non-exhaustive solutions for the road to a new popular include a greater emphasis on the role of the region in society's political, economic, and social governance (“glocalization”), starting with the human measure and size, and understanding that fractured and non-integral processes are currently unable to meet people's needs. 

These systems overlook the fact that an individual serves several roles—as a resident of an area, but also as a worker, a parent, a patient, a client, and so on—but is fundamentally indivisible (de Sousa Santos 2002). 

Universities play a unique role in Target 17 "Partnerships for the Targets," as they can serve as catalysts for regional innovation networks that link local governments, business, individuals, and information institutions in so-called quadruple or multi-helix configurations (Etzkowitz and Zhou 2013; Peris-Ortiz et al. 2016). 

In comparison to the current three primary functions of schooling, science research, and effect development, we see this as a fifth primary function of so-called "fourth generation universities."



You may also want to read more about COVID-19 here.



How COVID-19 Disrupts the Status Quo




COVID-19, and the ensuing crisis, has clearly shown a host of flaws and cracks in the old common. The following are the most important ones.

To begin with, our culture is lacking in diversity and inclusion. Many minority groups are underrepresented, viewed unfairly, or even discriminated toward. Women, people of migrant origin, disabled people, and people of certain sexual orientations are also affected. A pandemic is often seen since a great "equalizer," since everyone could become ill. In fact, however, the burden of a crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic is not evenly distributed and falls mostly on the poorer classes. It works in a very selective manner.

Despite the government's support for businesses and staff, groups of migrant workers were vulnerable to high risks of COVID-19 infections due to unsafe working conditions and a shortage of opportunities to avoid working or work from home. This was shockingly obvious in the beef industry and slaughterhouses in the Netherlands and Germany, for example. Following the lifting of many of the lockdown restrictions in Spain, the Ségria area near Barcelona, which has 200,000 residents, was forced to close again due to a new outbreak in sectors with many migrant workers.

Second, our culture continues to be generational in nature. For the first time in history, a sociological transition is underway, which began before the Corona crisis and in which new generations do not have better futures than their parents or grandparents. This is true for job security, debt, insurance, the right to purchase or rent a home, and, as a result, the effect all of this has on the formation of partnerships and families. COVID-19 struck the elderly the hardest, without a doubt. The limitations on going out and being together, the lockdown of their schools and jobs, and the economic changes all had a significant impact on young people's welfare, morbidity, and isolation. Young jobs on short contracts are seeing a surge in unemployment, as they are the first to be laid off. As a result, a "corona generation," "Generation C," or a group of "Coronials" could emerge. During one of the crisis press conferences, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte urged the youth to speak up.


Finally, when it comes to universal unity, our modern culture is lacking.


According to the UNHCR, almost 70.8 million people were internally displaced worldwide by the end of 2018 due to persecution, war, abuse, or human rights abuses, a new peak. According to the most updated statistics on global poverty, 690 million people go to bed hungry every night.

Migrants are at the hands of Western states, which are ambiguous, disorganized, and self-centered.




Refugees are sometimes used as political props. Many countries and regions are unable to combat the spread of the coronavirus due to a lack of resources and infrastructure, especially among certain populations, such as refugees. Simultaneously, Western nations are unable to find an agreement on assistance mechanisms and rules, and others are attempting to stockpile medicinal supplies, including potential drugs and vaccines.

Finally, the old common is, to a large extent, human-centered, lacking the planet's larger ecological environment, of which we humans are a member. Humankind has entered the modern revolution after Thomas Newcomen's commercial invention of the first prototypes of the steam engine that could transfer continuous power to a machine in 1712. Much has been accomplished in the following man-dominated Anthropocene, but much has also been lost, discarded, and irreversibly harmed. The concepts of "externalities" and "ecological fingerprints" of human activity and the environmental infrastructure we have built are relatively new and still in their infancy.


This is why, considering all of the information that has been created, the old popular is incredibly fragile. COVID-19 tends to be a zoonotic disease that begins in animals and then spreads to humans under certain conditions. A virus, according to various virologists, restores an ecosystem.


In other words, the COVID-19 crisis is a "systemic" crisis underpinned by a capitalist, neo-classical economic system in which, according to economist Mazzucato, "anything that fetches a price is of worth," while "anything that has value used to fetch a price" in classical economics.

Many of these flaws stem from two seemingly opposing desires or beliefs, which can be defined as global vs. local and group vs. individual problems, respectively. Indeed, Krastev recently argued that the COVID-19 pandemic is distinct from previous global catastrophes due to the unprecedented degree of globalization that has been achieved by the year 2020, as well as the unprecedented level of political influence that many nations, including China, have placed on their people. Furthermore, according to Krastev, the crises amplify a number of paradoxes, including the looming inter-generational conflicts, the dilemmas states face in deciding whether to stimulate the economy or contain the spread of the virus in order to protect people's health, and the national government's tendency to control its citizens versus the fundamental right to privacy.


Krastev organizes his observations into the seven lessons below, all of which are focused on a European perspective.






1. The return of "large governments": people want the government to mobilize a national defense against the pandemic.

2. The importance of boundaries is growing: the nation state's position in securing national interests is becoming more significant.

3. A growing faith in scientific expertise: while their own lives are on the line, people are more willing to trust scientists and listen to evidence.

4. The capacity for big data authoritarianism: to combat the crisis, governments can use information media to quickly and easily regulate people's mobility and actions.

5. The message that politicians must spread: in order to contain the pandemic, people must radically change their lifestyles, because advice to "be cool" and "get on with life" is incorrect.

6. The significant effect on intergenerational dynamics, when older members of society are far more vulnerable to COVID-19 and feel endangered by millennials' apparent inability to change their lifestyles.

7. At this stage, policymakers would be forced to choose between halting the pandemic's progression at the expense of the economy's destruction or tolerating a greater human cost in order to save the economy.


You may also want to read more about COVID-19 here.



References


Benkler Y (2006) The wealth of networks: how social production transforms markets

and freedom. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, p 3. ISBN 978–0–300-11056-2

Bostrom N (2014) Superintelligence: paths, dangers strategies. Oxford University

Press, Oxford

Buck Cox SJ (1985) No tragedy on the commons. Environm Ethic 7(1):49–61.

https://doi.org/10.5840/enviroethics1985716.hdl:10535/3113

de Sousa Santos B (2002) Toward a new legal common sense. Law, globalization, and

emancipation. Butterworths, London

Dignum V (2019) Responsible artificial intelligence: how to develop and use AI in a

responsible way. Springer Nature, Berlin, Germany

1

 The Dawn of a New Common

 13

Etzioni A (2003) In: Christensen A-DK, Levinson D (eds) Communitarianism,

encyclopedia of community: from the village to the virtual world, vol 1. Sage

Publications, Thousand Oaks, pp 224–228

Etzkowitz H, Zhou C (2013) The triple helix. In: University-Industry-Government

Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Routledge, London

Eurofound (2020) Living, working and COVID-19 first findings (April). Eurofound,

Dublin.

 https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/report/2020/livinb-

­working-and-covid-19-first-findings-april-2020

FAO (2020) Worldwide hunger report. http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/

ca9699en

Giordano P (2020) Nel Contagio. Giulio Einaudi Editore, Torino, Italy

Harari YN (2017) Homo deus: a brief history of tomorrow. Vintage, London

Hardin G (1968) The tragedy of the commons. Science 162(3859):1243–1248

Hoek M (2018) The trillion dollar shift: achieving the sustainable development goals.

Taylor and Francis Inc., New York

Kleinfeld R (2020) Do authoritarian or democratic countries handle pandemics bet-

ter? CEIP, March 31, 2020. https://carnegieendowment.org/2020/03/31/

do-authoritarian-or-democratic-countries-handle-pandemics-better-pub-81404

Kolb J, Kolb J (2013) The big data revolution. Independent Publishing Platform,

Createspace

Krastev I (2020a) Is it tomorrow, yet? Paradoxes of the pandemic. Penguin

Books, London

Krastev I (2020b) Seven early lessons from the coronavirus, The European Council for

Foreign Relations. https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_seven_early_lessons_

from_the_coronavirus

Lovelock J (2019) Novacene: the coming age of hyperintelligence. Penguin Random

House, London

Mak G (2020) Epiloog bij Grote verwachtingen. Atlas Contact, Amsterdam, in Dutch

Mayer-Schönberger V, Cukier K (2013) Big data: a revolution that will transform

how we live, work and think. John Murrau Publishers, London

Mazzucato M (2019) The value of everything. Penguin Randhom House, London

Merriam Webster Dictionary (2020). http://www.merriam-webster.com/dic-

tionary/common

Norberg J (2016) Progress: ten reasons to look forward to the future. Oneworld

Publications, London

O’Connor D (2018) Accelerating progress towards the SDGs: enhancing the role of

the high-level political forum, report of the 2018 sustainable development transi-

tion forum: United Nations Office for Sustainable Development. https://sustain-

abledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/212282018SDTFReport_Final.pdf

Peris-Ortiz M, Ferreira J, Farinha L, Fernandes N (2016) Introduction to multiple

helix ecosystems for sustainable competitiveness. Springer, Berlin, pp 1–14

Putnam RD (2016) Our kids: the American dream in crisis. Simon &

Schuster, New York

14

 E. Aarts et al.

Rosling H, Ola Rosling O, Rosling Rönnlund A (2018) Factfulness: ten reasons we’re

wrong about the world-and why things are better than you think. Flatiron

Books, New York

Schot J, Ghosh B, Bloomfield G (2020) Conversations on COVID-19: consequences

for the second deep transition and the sustainability revolution, deep transition

blog.https://deeptransitions.net/2020/03/25/conversations-on-covid-19-consequences-

for-the-second-deep-transition-and-the-sustainability-revolution/

Sneader K, Singhal S (2020) Beyond coronavirus: The path to the next normal.

McKinsey, New York. https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/healthcare-systems-

and-services/our-insights/beyond-coronavirus-the-path-to-the-next-normal

Spinney L (2018) Pale rider: the spanish flu of 2018 and how it changed the world.

Random House Books, London

St. James Town (2020) Website: Together, for the common good of St. James Town.

https://thenewcommon.org/#section-1

Sustainable Development Goals (2020) Website: About the sustainable development

goals. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/

Vinuesa R, Azizpour HA, Leite I, Balaam M, Dignum V, Domisch S, Felländer A,

Langhans SD, Tegmark M, Fuso Nerini F (2020) The role of artificial intelligence

in achieving the sustainable development goals. Nat Commun 11:233. https://

doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-14108-y

Wilthagen T, Bongers P (2020) Resilience in an infected society. In: Netherlands

Institute for advanced studies, food for thought, reflections on the corona crisis by

fellows from the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies. NIAS,

Amsterdam, pp 64–68

Wilthagen T, Schoots M (2019) Building TrusTee, the world’s most trusted robot.

Tilburg University, Tilburg. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/337276593_

Building_TrusTee_The_World’s_Most_Trusted_Robot


COVID-19: 7 Ways to Stay Healthy during the Pandemic



In no time, an invisible germ flipped our lives upside down. We had a career one day and didn't the next. Our children were at school and then came home, cut off from their peers and hobbies, and expected to spend 24 hours a day with us. The streets went from busy to deserted. Each adult and child looked at their homes' doors, unsure if life had changed permanently or if this upheaval was just temporary. In addition to the fear of the COVID-19 virus affecting our physical health, many people have suffered emotional and mental distress. Was this going to be the new normal? Can we have our work back, will our kids go back to school, or will we have to live like this for another year?



If life hadn't been so wonderful before, the abrupt transition wouldn't have been so unsettling. Healthy jobs, good schools, and low unemployment were all available to us. Parents spent enough time with their children and enough time away from us that we were eager to see each other as we returned home. We never counted how many toilet paper rolls or Purell® sanitizer tubes we had. Any people have never used hand sanitizer until COVID-19. It was now a valuable asset on par with gold.

The strange thing of life is that it is very delicate. We know this in our heads when life is healthy, but we never quite believe it. Disruption, work destruction, and pandemics are concepts that have occurred in previous eras and continents. But it's happening today, in our own moment, in our own homes. We had no warning, unlike previous conflicts. The COVID-19 outbreak hit us like an earthquake, destroying homes and crushing people while they were sleeping.

Now it's up to and of us to figure out how to survive this pandemic. Should we really do that? Many people are concerned that they will not make it out alive, and I appreciate their concern. Any people do not agree. However, the truth is that the vast majority of us cannot. Nobody knows who will survive and who will perish, and this is when the frightening fragility of life becomes apparent. The reality is that coronavirus will not be the last disturbance of our lives, so now is the time to roll up our sleeves and get to work on living with courage rather than dread. And we have no doubts about our ability to accomplish this. However, we must be deliberate in order to stand up straight in the face of terror. We must implement new habits and tactics that are unfamiliar to us. We believe we will and we are confident individuals. Every single one of us has the ability to dig deep and succeed rather than only get by through this period. We will discover amazing things about ourselves and our loved ones. We'll get to see aspects of our characters we didn't know existed, which is really interesting. Make life changes to fight sickness, anxiety, and destruction, as I previously said, does not come without effort. Here are seven improvements that all of us can make to make life easier and lessen the pressures that COVID-19 has put on us.


1. Stick to a normal routine for yourself and your children.




We are creatures of habit, and we need a daily routine. Through our mealtimes, work schedules, and sleep schedules, most of us subconsciously create these routines. We'll have to start anew now that these are broken. We used to get up at 7:00 a.m. to go to work, but now that we work from home, we can start as early as 10:00 a.m. And that will help you maintain your sanity. We used to wake up at 8:00 a.m., serve before 12:00 p.m. for lunch, and then attempt to get some exercise before dinner. Kids went to kindergarten, played until lunchtime, and then then returned home or went to soccer practice at 3:00 p.m. These everyday rituals, however, are no longer present. There will be no reading, math, or scientific wars. There will be no school lunches or games. Only open days at home with Mom or Dad. Can you think how a senior in high school who is about to graduate would feel?

Moving from predictable tasks to barren days, for whatever reason, throws us all—adults and children—off balance physically, psychologically, and emotionally. Cortisol, neurohormones, and the numerous other hormones our bodies are used to producing at certain periods work on a cycle. They've worked out how to get us through our days, but now they're being thrown off as well.

We are the adults in control of ourselves and our children, and we must lead by example. To restore equilibrium, we must first create regular routines for ourselves and our children. Of course, they may be flexible, but there are certain aspects that our bodies and minds need to survive. As a result, we need time to consider, exercise, and work in some way. The distinction between caving in and surviving would be quiet time in which we can read or gather our ideas, workout to sort out the kinks, and work to keep us feeling optimistic. So, if the days have been a shambles, get some help at home. You don't have to be too strict about keeping track of the minutes of your and your children's days, but you do need to know what will happen the next day in the morning, afternoon, and evening.


2. Make weekly Skype calls with friends and family and schedule them in your calendar.





The most painful aspect of quarantine is dealing with the isolation we feel when we are separated from our friends and families. Friends and outsiders cling to one another to get through hurricanes, explosions, and other natural disasters. It's human nature to get assistance from others and to try to assist others. We can't cling or lean while we're apart, though. We can't talk about our problems with our kids, our spouses, or our jobs at work. It is not permissible for children to gather in the corridor to vent about their guardians. While these releases can seem insignificant, they are important for us to remain emotionally intact. Humans were created to be in partnerships. It is because of our interactions with God and others that we are alive. We aren't all here to excel at our careers, athletics, or other pursuits. We were created to love, connect, disagree, and console one another. As a result, when our relationship with others is taken apart, we must try to recreate it as closely as possible.

Here's when the wonder of screens comes into play. We complained about how screens had interrupted our lives and ruined our marriages a month earlier, but now we enjoy them. They're here to save us. Screens allow people to see each other. We may not be able to hug our loved ones, but we can see their smiles. Disappointment, love, or sorrow can both be heard. We will help one another while we face the challenges ahead. We felt encouraged and understood throughout the conversation. If one of us starts to feel anxious or depressed, we can intervene before he succumbs to despair. We might not be able to do it as well as we should if we were in person, but it's better than nothing. We should seek assistance and support from those who are flourishing more than we are.

Screens cannot provide us with true affection, but they do provide us with useful connection in the short term. We would be overwhelmed by depression and our emotional fragility would develop if we didn't have the trade. If we are separated from our friends or relatives for a long time, we will become despondent. We may believe we are self-sufficient, self-reliant, and completely autonomous (as we should be), but we aren't. This reality strikes us square in the face in a crisis. It's difficult to admit, but if we do, we're free of all of the pressures we've placed on ourselves. We feel fragile and helpless while we are experiencing genuine depression and the desire to communicate with others. This is due to the fact that we are. One of the best gifts in a disaster might be realizing how much we need each other.


3. Get everybody involved.




The need for families to work as families is one of the most valuable gifts we have given up over the last thirty years. We have put an unhealthy sovereignty on each family member as we work to provide resources for development and self-discovery for our children. Parents care for their children, while children are provided for by their parents. Life is about finding out who and individual is apart from the others, not about supporting one another as a collective, interdependent entity. No one felt that way until the 1950s, if we go back far enough in history. Parents were needed by mothers, fathers were needed by mothers, and children were needed by their parents. It wasn't all about money; the interdependence went even deeper. For everyday stuff like chores—cleaning, mowing lawns, cooking, you name it—each family member relied on the others. And they lived out the fact that they were physically dependent on one another. Family members became the go-to individuals for problem-solving (or at least tried).

Since we have cut family members off from one another, these dependencies have vanished. We may hire people to mow lawns, sweep, cook, and take care of any other household chores. Of course, there's nothing wrong with it, but if it leads to family members living isolated, private lives, as it always does, relationships suffer.

All of this changes after a disaster strikes, such as a pandemic. Outside of the family, no one mows the yard, cleans the home, or prepares meals. This is such a good thing. It forces us to work together and support one another. So that one person (usually Mom) does not collapse with fatigue, chores must be divided up. Of course, children will complain vehemently at being forced to do work they have never done before, but the beauty is that if they are working with their parents and siblings, they will realize how vital they are to the entire family. They are important. Since the family operates as a unit, each family member is essential. This is a crucial lesson because it brings us all together. It alters our personalities. We are no longer self-sufficient, but more reliant. For the first time, children see themselves as important members of the household. This is all that children yearn for. When they think they aren't wanted or that they aren't a part of the family, they struggle. The change of personality that can arise when children are told they are required for the family's wellbeing is one of the most life-changing consequences of tragedy for children.

Since we have cut family members off from one another, these dependencies have vanished. We may hire people to mow lawns, sweep, cook, and take care of any other household chores. Of course, there's nothing wrong with it, but if it leads to family members living isolated, private lives, as it always does, relationships suffer.

All of this changes after a disaster strikes, such as a pandemic. Outside of the family, no one mows the yard, cleans the home, or prepares meals. This is such a good thing. It forces us to work together and support one another. So that one person (usually Mom) does not collapse with fatigue, chores must be divided up. Of course, children will complain vehemently at being forced to do work they have never done before, but the beauty is that if they are working with their parents and siblings, they will realize how vital they are to the entire family. They are important. Since the family operates as a unit, each family member is essential. This is a crucial lesson because it brings us all together. It alters our personalities. We are no longer self-sufficient, but more reliant. For the first time, children see themselves as important members of the household. This is all that children yearn for. When they think they aren't wanted or that they aren't a part of the family, they struggle. The change of personality that can arise when children are told they are required for the family's wellbeing is one of the most life-changing consequences of tragedy for children.

For everybody in the family to chip in and contribute will lead to something positive—helping people outside the household. Serving others is the only cure for selfishness, moaning, and crying. We see businesses around the world producing gloves, hand sanitizers, and other medical equipment solely to assist those on the front lines. Trying to support and inspire one's neighbor brings great pleasure in the face of adversity, from big corporations to lines of kids in communities reciting the Pledge of Allegiance in unison. Challenge your kids to find someone who wants a note, a bag of groceries, a Skype message, or even silent prayers after they've started pitching in around the house. When children do this on a daily basis, you will see a difference in them.


4. Identify real stressors and devise a strategy for dealing with them.



Everyone is stressed out by a sudden lifestyle transition. When life is twisted on its head, every man, woman, and infant experiences an internal unsettledness, regardless of personality style. Recognizing a failure is an essential part of the inherent human mechanism of transition. We lose control of our everyday lives as disaster strikes. When restaurants and schools close, kids miss out on time with their peers, and parents miss out on social opportunities. There are also defeats that are exclusive to each individual's life. Our souls are wired to process failure, which makes them uncomfortable. Some, as we've seen, argue that there has been any loss. Some argue that COVID-19 isn't really a concern. Others argue that we overreacted out of irrational anxiety. They do this to combat the fact that it has arrived and is wreaking havoc on our lives as we know it.

Others despise the infection. It has no legal authority to bring us down. After all, Americans live in the world's most technologically advanced country. How does an unseen microbe cause such havoc with so many people's lives? Doctors, children, parents, and singles are all furious at the virus.

Then we lament the improvements and losses that have occurred. Some people are adept at dealing with depression. The vast majority do not. Sadness is something that many adults and children have learnt to tuck deep in the recesses of their hearts and minds and never let out. Others are bereft of hope, and this does not benefit them. The feeling of denial, frustration, or failure, regardless of how it is handled, is stressful. Many of our feelings are expressed in a negative manner, and we scream at our children, spouses, or friends. Anxiety and depression are difficult to manage, but there are certain steps that each of us can do to reduce their severity.

First and foremost, it is important to identify the specific causes of the trauma that a disaster causes. Any people believe they are out of balance. Others lament the life they had just two weeks before. Others are afraid of not being able to afford their bills because they have lost their work. If a person can pinpoint the cause of his tension, he may be able to relieve it more easily. For example, if a mother is worried that one of her children will die, she can tell herself, "I am afraid that the coronavirus will kill one of my children." Then she will rationalize that, scientifically, this is very unlikely to occur, and her anxiety can subside. When she is merely upset and does not know what is causing it, her agitation will intensify and she will criticize and scream at loved ones.

You will find a way to relieve tension after you've pinpointed particular fears caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. A person's situation is unique. Exercising has been shown to reduce depression in some people. Some people need alone time, while some need music and even others require a physical outlet for their anger. Fit that into your day until you've figured out what relieves your tension the most.

Spend thirty minutes listening to music, talking with a friend about your pressures, hitting the wall with a Nerf bat, or sitting in a silent room. If you don't make a stress-relieving strategy, you'll have to carry it out on your mates, which isn't reasonable. You'll find that finding a particular task to alleviate stress will be very beneficial.


5. Engage in a kind of prayer or meditation.



For certain people, being alone with themselves is frightening. Most people don't like to see their darkest feelings, so silence encourages them to come to the fore. We don't have to be scared, though. In reality, we can anticipate spending time alone with our thoughts. We will do this by prayer and meditation.

It's possible that prayer and meditation are the same thing, or that they're somewhat different. It all depends on how focused you are. When we calm ourselves while remembering God's presence, we become settled in a way that is not possible when we settle into silence without Him. Prayer takes us into the arms of Someone Who will help us rebuild our lives, inspire us, and give us a safe place to share our grievances. Prayer is a conversation between two people in which one person expresses his or her thoughts and feelings to the other. It's perplexing that you can still feel God's presence and other times you can't. But that's not a problem since God is still here. His existence is unaffected by our emotions. It's a fact that we should either accept or reject.

Mother Teresa talked movingly of her prayer memories. When a gentleman asked, "What do you say to God when you pray?" she said, "I listen," with her usual meekness. “What does God speak to you as you listen?” he continued. “He listens,” she replied. This response eloquently captures the mystique of prayer. We are free to say whatever we want to God. We have complete freedom to wait for Him and listen to Him. Nonetheless, we have the choice of saying nothing to Him. God simply needs us in His presence, Mother Teresa says, sometimes asking for something, sometimes thanking Him for what we have, and sometimes just sitting still.

We come before God knowingly in prayer, and we let Him know that we are listening. We're there, hoping and desiring something from Him. God, according to the Bible, adores it. “Come to me, all you who are tired and burdened, and I will grant you rest,” Jesus said in Matthew's Gospel. Rest is what God desires for us, and it also comes from being quiet in front of him.

He is patiently waiting for us to arrive and take a seat. He's like the unseen visitor who sits silently and peacefully in our houses, waiting for us to notice and enjoy Him. I really advise you to spend time in prayer if you have never done so. It isn't sorcery, and you aren't needed to say the exact right thing. True prayer entails approaching God and declaring that you think He exists and that you want to communicate with Him. There's no way around that. Being there with a loved one is a curious desire we have. Have you ever been to see a movie by yourself and only invited a loved one to visit you? You have, of course. We've just done it. But we don't want to converse with him; what we want is for him to stay with us and tell us that we are not alone. It would be a very different feeling to watch a movie without him.

Prayer can be life-changing or seem to do little at all when you first do it. But I can assure you that what Blaise Pascal, C. S. Lewis, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, and countless others have said is correct: Prayer has a profound effect on us over time. The most profound consequence of tragedy is that it teaches one to pray in order to grow closer to God.

Meditation, on the other hand, may be very similar to prayer or very distinct. Meditation, which calms the mind and heart, aids in the relief of tension and pain. It slows breathing and reduces heart rate. Since it accomplishes these goals, prayer may be considered a form of meditation. When you meditate on someone other than yourself, you get better outcomes than when you meditate on yourself. Certain sounds or phrases are repeated by certain meditators. This ritual calms them down, but it has very different consequences than praying when God is not drawn in. Those meditators are on their own. His answer to them isn't included.

Others can benefit from meditation because it allows them to examine themselves and determine what causes them the most pain. What are the patterns, emotions, or feelings that they must overcome? Prayer would have the same impact. In worship, God will reveal what we need to do. That's nice because after meditation, we can return to the rat race and make the requisite improvements.

As you can see, the distinction between prayer and meditation is dependent on the person on whom the emphasis is placed. Yes, some people will question themselves in self-reflection, but the main distinction between prayer and meditation is that prayer often reflects on God, while meditation does not.

I urge you to begin praying if you have never done so before. Keep it easy and start conversing with God. 


Others can benefit from meditation because it allows them to examine themselves and determine what causes them the most pain. What are the patterns, emotions, or feelings that they must overcome? Prayer would have the same impact. In worship, God will reveal what we need to do. That's nice because after meditation, we can return to the rat race and make the requisite improvements.

As you can see, the distinction between prayer and meditation is dependent on the person on whom the emphasis is placed. Yes, some people will question themselves in self-reflection, but the main distinction between prayer and meditation is that prayer often reflects on God, while meditation does not.

I urge you to begin praying if you have never done so before. Keep it easy and start conversing with God. But there's one thing to remember: don't just pray once and then forget about it. Make a one-month commitment to fasting. Then keep an eye out for changes in your heart and life.


6. Make time for each family member to be alone every day.




Based on the state of their relationships prior to the transition, being pulled into tight quarters will either bring family members together or tear them away. I love seeing parents spend more time with their children. I've seen kids get more depressed and anxious over the years, and a large part of the equation is a lack of time with their parents. Kids who see their parents for just a few minutes per day—and there are a lot of them—have a hard time forming their identities and maturing. The irony is that most children yearn for more parental care. They are looking for a sense of belonging, love, and focus. There are things that children as young as three and as old as twenty feel they like. Many people are too self-conscious to question their parents, and others are afraid of being refused if they do. These are comments I often learn from children of all ages.

Tragic events force parents to spend more time with their children, which is one of the greatest benefits of disaster. Some parents claim that the time is exhausting, and that their children are often irritable and misbehaving. We must keep in mind that they are adapting as well. And if they had issues with their parents prior to the move, those issues would be amplified when they are under tension. Hold on if this is happening in your house. This is excellent. When children and parents confront their relationship's tensions, they will work out a solution. If they are never with their parents, most children do not experience resolution with them.

I want to emphasize that if your child is exploding right now, keep quiet. Don't take it too seriously. Your child is clearly being pushed to face challenges that were previously covered. Take a deep breath and get closer to him, even though you're tempted to remain far away. Remember that this challenge will give you and your partner the opportunity to work on any long-standing issues. Find a good psychiatrist whether you have legitimate questions about your child or your relationship with him or her. The majority of counsellors are able to conduct screening sessions for their clients.

What does this have to do with everybody being separated for a while? When a schedule is disrupted, it is normal for people to feel depressed. When you live in cramped conditions and are unable to communicate with others from the outside, this tension is amplified. Even if your relationships with your children and partner are still strong, scheduling small time away from each other, even if you live in the same home, will strengthen them all. Also the healthiest marriages can be harmed by so much togetherness.

Finding a moment during the day—preferably at the same time of day—when everybody will go to a different room for thirty minutes to an hour is the easiest way to do this. Lay the toddlers down for a nap if you have any. If your children are still young and do not sleep, advise them to be quiet in their rooms for the same length of time. If they refuse, advise them that they should accompany you to your bedroom (if that's when you have your alone time), but they must remain silent. They will be sent to their own room if they do not comply. Let it clear that this isn't a penalty. It's an opportunity for everyone to relax, and even adults like you need some downtime.

Allowing teens to watch a television or play a video game is appropriate. Just make sure to let them know what they can and cannot play or watch. This is a difficult time to start limiting what they will play if you haven't already done so, but do it anyway. Encourage them to listen to music, collaborate on a job they like, or socialize with their peers. The argument is that you must maintain physical and emotional distance from one another. Tell your older children why you are introducing alone time for these purposes. They would understand the explanations if you send them to them.

Do something that relaxes you during your alone time. Listen to music, listen, sleep, or work on a project—do whatever relaxes you. Thirty to sixty minutes of alone time may sound insignificant relative to what you're used to, but that's fine. Take what you can to tell yourself that the closeness is just fleeting.


7. Be kind to yourself.



Mothers, in particular, place way too many demands on themselves on a regular basis. They create a mental checklist of things they can do in order to be a good mother, and the vast majority of the things on the list are totally needless. Having nutritious meals on a regular basis, ensuring that children have something exciting or enjoyable to do at all times of the day, ensuring that they are introduced to sports, the arts, and something else that might pique their interest. The list becomes longer and more demanding as their lives are turned upside down. Mothers (and fathers) believe that they should still be able to protect their children from fighting, that they should never be bored, that they should maintain the same learning pace as before the life transition, and that they should not have more screen time than before.

There are admirable objectives, but the majority of them are unattainable. Since parents are unable to go to the grocery store as much as they used to, meals can suffer. There will be monetary difficulties. Kids will vent their annoyances on their siblings. They will be bored and even the most energetic and imaginative parent will not be able to keep their children entertained for twelve hours a day. They will more likely watch more shows or movies, which is fine. Their schoolwork would almost certainly suffer as a result. Most parents have little idea what they're doing when it comes to homeschooling, and asking them to realise all right away is unrealistic.

The argument is that parents should give themselves a break. These are difficult days. They may not have any days as they have in the past. Before COVID-19, we need to let go of the goals we set for ourselves and calm others. Now isn't the time to double focus on the tasks at hand.

In difficult times, we must all note that survival is the name of the game. Simple life is not the same as difficult times. Parents won't be able to do what they used to, so they must let go of their shame when they feel insufficient. When you don't feel like you can make your home life something you want it to be, be kind to yourself.

The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc on the economy, putting parents under additional strain. Any people have lost their careers, and others have been laid off temporarily. It's easy to get overwhelmed when you're dealing with financial problems on top of mental and emotional ones. That is why, now more than ever, having a roadmap to get through these trying times is important. Being kind to oneself is perhaps one of the most critical aspects of that program. Treat yourself in the same respect as you will your closest friend. Can you advise her to strike a better balance between living at home, entertaining, teaching, and stopping the kids from fighting? You wouldn't, of course. Then why are you being harsher on yourself than your friend?

We try to repair problems as life stressors come out of nowhere. However, we are unable to do so. We must endure the crisis with the knowledge that we are not alone. Our neighbors, friends, and relatives are all having problems. That is why we must look past our own domestic strife and see if we can assist others. We may be strengthened by tragedy, so we can't get there on our own. Not only do we need each other and God to live, but we still need them to succeed.

We've got this. God bless each and every one of you.


You may also want to read more about COVID-19 here.