Showing posts with label Maidenhair Fern. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Maidenhair Fern. Show all posts

Herbs And Herbalism - Maidenhair Fern






Maidenhair Fern - Venus Hair  


Because the leaf repels water and the plant's native habitat is a wet environment, the generic name Adiantum comes from the Greek word adiantos, which means "unwetted." 




  • The pudenda's hair following the fine, glossy, black petioles is referred to by both the specific and colloquial names. 
  • This was formerly the most significant botanical component in Capillaire, a popular cough syrup that was used into the eighteenth century. 

Description Petioles are tiny, fragile, black, and glossy on this perennial fern that grows 10-40 cm tall. 


  • Pinnules fan-shaped and serrated, leaves oblong to narrowly triangular, delicately pinnate, sori reddishbrown on the underside of leaf tips. 



Distribution - Great Britain, central and southern Europe are all home to this species. 


  • Now available in temperate and tropical climates all around the globe. 
  • Especially near the sea, in caves, wells, and on wet walls; cliffs, and chalky soils; but even up to 1300 meters. 


Cultivation in the wild Cultivated as a pot plant in a loam and leaf mold mix: moist environment required. 

  • Propagation is accomplished via division. 


Constituents Mucilage; tannins; gallic acid: sugars; bitter ingredients of different kinds: capillarine: a very small amount of an essential oil. 



  • Occasionally uses fresh or dried leafy fronds Bechic: weak emmenagogue: weak diuretic: weak expectorant 
  • Mostly used for chest symptoms including respiratory catarrh and coughing. 
  • Pleurisy and asthma were formerly treated with it, although the latter had little impact.



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