Showing posts with label Bhishma. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bhishma. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Vyasa In Hindu Mythology?

 



A sage who is traditionally thought to be the creator of the Mahabharata, the second of the two major Sanskrit epics, according to Hindu mythology. 

As a consequence of his dalliance with the ferrywoman Satyavati, Vyasa is the son of the sage Parashara.

Satyavati marries King Shantanu later in life, but only after securing the guarantee that their offspring will govern instead of Shantanu's firstborn son, Bhishma.

Satyavati's first son dies as a youngster, and his second son dies after marrying but before producing children.

Satyavati begs Vyasa to sleep with the brides of her younger sons, Ambika and Ambalika, in order to save Shantanu's dynasty.

Vyasa is a terribly unattractive man, according to legend, and both ladies respond automatically when he comes in their beds.

Ambika conceals her eyes, causing her son Dhrtarashtra to be born blind, while Ambalika becomes pale, leading her son Pandu to be born with an unusually pale complexion.

Vyasa also has intercourse with Ambika's maidservant, who freely submits herself to him, and Vidura is born from her.

The Pandavas and Kauravas, respectively, are the descendants of Pandu and Dhrtarashtra, the two warring groups whose rivalry propels the Mahabharata.

As a result, Vyasa is not only the Mahabharata's author, but also the source of the Mahabharata's two families' fight.


Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - Who Is Bhishma?

 





Bhishma is the son of King Shantanu and an uncle and advisor to both the Pandavas and the Kauravas in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics. 




As a kid, he is known as Devavrata; as an acknowledgement of his very onerous vow, he is given the name Bhishma ("awful"). 


  • King Shantanu has fallen in love with the maiden Satyavati, who agrees to marry him on the condition that her sons reign instead of Devavrata, the heir apparent. 
  • Bhishma not only agrees to relinquish the kingdom, but also swears that he would never marry, ensuring that no contenders from his family will vie for the crown. 




Bhishma is given the choice of selecting the moment of his death when he makes his terrible vow. 



  • This promise is rigorously kept by Bhishma, and his devotion to it costs him his life. 
  • Bhishma kidnaps the king of Kashi's daughters, Amba, Ambika, and Ambalika, and has them married to his stepbrother Vichitravirya. 
  • Ambika and Ambalika marry Vichitravirya joyfully, but when Amba confesses to Bhishma that she has already committed her heart to King Salva, he allows her to go to him. 
  • Salva rejects Amba because her virginity is questioned since she was kidnapped by another guy. 
  • Amba comes to Bhishma and insists that he marry her since he is the one who put her in this situation, and when Bhishma refuses to break his promise, Amba vows to exact vengeance. 
  • She is reincarnated as Shikhandi, a man-woman who the Pandava prince Arjuna hides behind to fire the arrows that kill Bhishma. 










Bhishma is a wonderful grand sire who is well-liked and revered by everyone. 




  • He is known for being a smart and generous advisor to both the Pandavas and the Kauravas. 
  • His proficiency with weapons makes him one of the best fighters of his day, but he is best known as a thoughtful and generous counselor to both the Pandavas and the Kauravas. 
  • Despite the fact that he eventually stands with the Kaurava prince Duryodhana in the battle between the two factions, Bhishma constantly urges Duryodhana to make peace with the Pandavas and divide the kingdom with them before the conflict begins. 
  • In the Mahabharata battle, he fights bravely and kills a significant portion of the Pandava army, but he is eventually struck by so many of Arjuna's arrows that he lies on them like a bed. 




Despite the fact that Bhishma is fatally wounded by Arjuna, he lives till the sun resumes its more favorable northern course (thanks to the boon bestowed by his promise) (uttarayana). 





  • During this period, he provides extensive training on state politics and related subjects to the triumphant Pandavas. 
  • Bhishma is a lonely, sad character because of his unwavering devotion to a promise that deprives him of the pleasures of family life, and his helplessness to prevent the fratricidal fight between his nephews, which eventually destroys the family.






You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.