Showing posts with label Buddhists. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Buddhists. Show all posts

Hinduism - How Prevalent Was Religious Persecution In India?

 

Religious Persecution is a term used to describe when people are persecuted for their religious beliefs or structures or practices. 

In popular imagination, India is portrayed as a place of ideal religious tolerance, where all schools of thought are free to flourish.

This image is significantly simplified, even though it is accurate in its fundamental form.

Competition between religious groups and schools of thought has a long history, often driven by harsh polemics intended to convince audiences that one was true and the other was wrong.

Acts of violence, on the other hand, have been uncommon in these debates, as has the concept that individuals should be afraid for their lives because of their beliefs.

Language against the Jains has a really hostile tone in the literature of the Nayanar and Lingayat communities—both followers (bhakta) of the deity Shiva—and the Nayanar leader Sambandar has been continuously linked with the impalement of 8,000 Jains in the southern Indian city of Madurai.

Similarly, the northern Indian ruler Sashanka, who was also a Shiva devotee, had a pathological loathing towards Buddhists.

Sashanka is said to have not only persecuted Buddhists, but also attempted to kill the tree at Bodh Gaya where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment.

Apart from sectarian rivalry, persons whose religious beliefs has led them to disregard commonly accepted social conventions have faced a lot of criticism.

The stories of the devotional (bhakti) poet-saints are rife with accounts of the difficulties they experienced from traditional morality guards, who are commonly described as brahmins.

There was a long and frequently murderous war between two groups of militant ascetics in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries—the Naga class of the Dashanami Sanyasis and the Bairagi Nagas—although the objectives might just as well have been economic, notably control of commerce in the Ganges valley.

The development of Hindutva in the 1980s provides a last example of religious persecution.

Persecution has all too frequently resulted in actual bloodshed, fueled by rhetorical assaults on Muslims and Christians.


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Hinduism - Where Is The Kailas Mountain? Are There Present Restrictions On Pilgrims?


 A Himalayan mountain in southern Tibet that is revered by both Hindus and Buddhists as a pilgrimage site (tirtha).

Kailas is said to be Mount Meru, the universe's core, according to Hindu mythology.

The peak of Mount Kailas is also said to be where the deity Shiva resides.

The essential act of pilgrimage to Kailas for both Hindus and Buddhists is to walk around the mountain, metaphorically crossing the whole globe.

The trek starts at Manasarovar, a lake at the mountain's foot that is known as the Lake of the Gods in Hindu mythology.

The sixty-five-mile circuit is exceedingly challenging due to a number of factors: Even in June (the traditional pilgrimage month), the region is exceedingly isolated, the temperature is harsh and unforgiving, and the circuit itself is physically demanding, with its highest point over 19,000 feet above sea level.

Storms may strike at any time of year, and unprepared pilgrims might quickly perish from exposure.

Given these challenges, only a small percentage of individuals undertake this pilgrimage; nonetheless, those who do are rewarded.

For long years, Chinese travel restrictions in Tibet prevented anyone from making this journey.

These prohibitions have been lifted since the early 1990s, and small groups of religious pilgrims are once again undertaking the hallowed pilgrimage. 


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Hinduism - Where Is Kashmir? Do Kashmiris Still Continue To Have A Shared History, Language, Culture, And Identity?


 Along with Jammu and Ladakh, it is one of the three different cultural zones of the contemporary Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Jammu and Kashmir was formerly a princely realm controlled by Hindu Dogra monarchs who also reigned over the mostly Muslim Kashmiris and predominantly Buddhist Ladakhis.

Since India's independence in 1947, ethnic and religious divisions have been a cause of strife, particularly in Kashmir.

Pakistan sought to capture the territory by force after independence and claimed a chunk of Kashmir.

Since then, India and Pakistan have fought multiple battles over it; Pakistan claims it based on their common faith of Islam, while India claims it based on a document signed by Maharaja Hari Singh, the last of the country's monarchs.

Kashmiris have been trapped in the middle of this regional conflict, and their requests for greater self-determination have mostly gone unheeded.

Tensions in Kashmir reached a peak during the widely acknowledged fraudulent state elections of 1986.

Since 1990, the tension has escalated into a full-fledged revolt, aided by secret Pakistani assistance.

During medieval times, the majority of Kashmiris converted to Islam.

Previously, the region was a Hindu cultural hotspot.

The sun temple at Martand, a temple to the deity Shiva at Pandrenthan, and the Shiva shrine at Amarnath cave, which is still a significant pilgrimage destination, are all remarkable examples of early Hindu architecture.

Kashmir is also home to a Hindu minority known as Kashmiri Pandits.

Many of them have moved south to other areas of India as a result of recent problems.

Despite their differing religious views, these two populations share a shared language and sense of Kashmiri identity and culture.

See Christine Nivin et al., India, 8th ed., Lonely Planet, 1998, for general information about Kashmir and other Indian locations.


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