Showing posts with label Pandavas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Pandavas. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Vidura In Hindu Mythology?

 


He is the son of sage Vyasa and Queen Ambika's maid servant.


Vidura, according to tradition, is a partial incarnation of Dharma, the deity who personifies justice.

In his contacts with the Pandavas and Kauravas, the epic's two warring factions, Vidura constantly demonstrates his justice.



As the Kauravas grow more evil, he gravitates toward the Pandavas, whom he serves as a trustworthy and loyal counsel.

Vidura is the one who recognizes the danger in the House of Lac, which is made solely of extremely flammable materials, and makes plans for the Pandavas to flee.


He stays neutral throughout the Mahabharata battle, but once it is finished, he returns to serve as an advisor to King Yudhishthira, the oldest of the Pandavas, and Yudhishthira's siblings.


~Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - Who Is Yudhishthira In Hindu Mythology?

 


("strength in combat") Yudhishthira is the oldest of the Pandava brothers, the epic's heroes, in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics.

When Yudhishthira's mother, Kunti, performs a strong mantra to have a son by Dharma, the deity of righteousness, Yudhishthira is miraculously born.

Yudhishthira is his father's son in every aspect; the epic describes him as the earthly incarnation of Dharma.

He is well-known for his steadfast allegiance to the truth, politeness for everybody, and commitment to virtue.

His only personal flaw is a gambling addiction, which is only matched by his complete lack of gaming skill, and this flaw has serious consequences.

Yudhishthira is chosen as successor to the kingdom by his uncle, Dhrtarashtra, because of his merits.

Duryodhana, Dhrtarashtra's son, is enraged by this decision.

He seeks to murder the Pandavas by constructing a highly flammable mansion.

The Pandavas manage to escape unscathed despite the home being set on fire.

Duryodhana decides to win Yudhishthira's right to the throne in a game of dice later.

Yudhishthira's gambling addiction gets the better of him here, when he is pitted against Duryodhana's maternal uncle, Shakuni, who is a competent player.

As Yudhishthira continues to lose, he bets more and larger amounts in an attempt to recoup his losses.

Yudhishthira bets himself and his brothers after losing their kingdom and all their possessions.

He wagers and loses the Pandava brothers' common wife, Draupadi, after losing this bet.

Draupadi is humiliated as a result of her miscarriage, and Duryodhana and his brother, Duhshasana, parade her around the assembly hall, her clothing smeared with her monthly blood.

This event accentuates the two groups' already strong enmi relations.

Duryodhana's father, King Dhrtarashtra, is shocked by the treatment and restores the Pandavas' freedom.

However, due to the loss in the dice game, the Pandavas agree to go into exile for twelve years and live incognito for the thirteenth, with the caveat that if they are discovered in the thirteenth year, the cycle will begin all over again.

Peacefully, Yudhishthira and his siblings complete their twelve-year exile.

They spend the thirteenth year at King Virata's court, where they stay undetected despite Duryodhana's spies' frantic searches.

Yudhishthira and his brothers return to claim their share of the kingdom after the thirteen years have gone.

Yudhishthira hopes for a peaceful resolution and sends Duryodhana a note suggesting that they would be content with only five villages, one for each brother.

Yudhishthira recognizes that they would not gain their rights without a fight as Duryodhana says that they will not get as much land as could fit beneath the tip of a needle.

He unwillingly enlists his siblings in the war effort.

He battles courageously in the big war, and after their triumph, he is anointed king.

Yudhishthira, after reigning for many years, sets off towards the Himalayas with his brothers and their bride, Draupadi, accompanied by a little dog.

Draupadi and his brothers die one by one as they ascend the mountains, but the dog stays with Yudhishthira.

Yudhishthira finds the deity Indra, the ruler of heaven, waiting for him in a gilded chariot at the summit of the Himalayas.

Yudhishthira is told by Indra that he would transport him to paradise, but that he will have to leave his dog behind.

Yudhishthira is adamant about not abandoning his loyal buddy, even if it means he will miss out on paradise.

The dog then exposes himself to be the disguised deity Dharma.

The moral of the narrative is that Yudhishthira never allows himself to wander too far from righteousness throughout his life; even at the end, he refuses to abandon it.


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Hinduism - Who Is Karna In Hindu Mythology?


Karna is the oldest of the Pandava brothers in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics, albeit he is unaware of his actual identity until a few days before his death.

He is born when his mother, Kunti, stares at the sun while repeating a mantra, which grants her the ability to have a son by any deity.

She is quickly visited by a dazzling person who bestows upon her an equally dazzling son.

Distraught and despondent by the birth of this kid, which she believes she will be unable to care for as an unmarried woman, she places him in a box and throws him into the Ganges.

Adhiratha, a charioteer, adopts the boy and raises him as his own son.

Later, Karna visits King Dhrutarashtra's palace, where he befriends the king's son, Duryodhana, the epic's adversary.

Karna starts a lifelong feud with Arjuna, one of the five Pandava brothers, while in court.

Arjuna's remarks concerning Karna's unknown paternity are intended to deprive Karna of the respect he deserves as Arjuna's equal.

Karna practices archery with Drona, the archery teacher, as do all the princes.

When Drona refuses to reveal Karna the secret of the Brahma weapon he intends to employ to assassinate Arjuna, Karna seeks guidance from the sage Parashuram avatar.

Because Parashuram despises the kshatriya (ruling) class and refuses to accept any of them as pupils, he disguises himself as a brahmin.

Karna learns all he needs to know from Parashuram.

Karna, on the other hand, obtains two curses during this time that will ultimately decide his destiny.

Karna kills a brahmin's cow, and the brahmin curses him, saying that his chariot wheel would stuck in the mud and he will be murdered by his opponent while riding on it.

Parashuram is the source of the second curse.

A beetle bores into Karna's thigh, which is a metaphor for the genitals in the epic, one day as Parashuram sleeps with his head on Karna's lap.

Despite the agony and blood, Karna maintains still so as not to wake his master.

When Parashuram wakes up, he recognizes that Karna's endurance for suffering indicates that he is a kshatriya, and that Karna has learned under false pretenses.

Parashuram curses Karna, saying that he would forget all he has learnt at the crucial time.

Both curses are finally fulfilled; although fighting valiantly in the Mahabharata battle, Karna is slain by Arjuna when his chariot's wheel becomes stuck in the mud.

Karna's mother, Kunti, comes to him on the eve of the great battle and reveals his actual identity, pleading with him to return and fight with his brothers.

Karna refuses, claiming that things have progressed too far for such drastic measures, but he promises Kunti that he will not harm any of his brothers except Arjuna, whom he has sworn to kill.

Karna's decision is also influenced by his devotion to Duryodhana, whose companionship and support he has enjoyed for many years above any commitment to a family he has just recently discovered.

Karna survives as one of the Mahabharata's tragic heroes because he is prepared to stick by his friends and convictions, even if the cause is faulty. 


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Hinduism - Who Is Jayadratha?


Jayadratha was a monarch who is married to the princess Dussala in the Mahabharata, the second of the two major Hindu epics.

Dussala is the sole sister of the Kauravas, the epic's villains, a group of one hundred brothers.

Jayadratha previously coveted the hand of Draupadi, but after losing her to the warrior Arjuna, he spends the rest of his life fighting Arjuna and his brothers, the Pandavas.

Jayadratha joins the side of the Kauravas during the Mahabharata conflict between the Pandavas and the Kauravas, and is finally murdered by Arjuna.

A heavenly voice foretold during Jayadratha's birth that whomever causes Jayadratha's head to fall to earth will have his head split into a hundred pieces.

Arjuna, a peerless archer, is aware of this and chops off Jayadratha's head with an arrow that rests in the lap of Jayadratha's father, Brhatkaya.

Brhatkaya is frightened to the point that he lets the head fall from his lap to the ground, shattering into a hundred pieces.

 


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Hinduism - Where Is The Ancient City Of Indraprastha?

 

Indraprastha was the name given to the first of the towns erected on the current location of contemporary Delhi, on the banks of the Yamuna River in the southeastern section of the city.

Indraprastha is known as the capital of the Pandavas, the five brothers who are the protagonists of the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics.

The city is established when their uncle, King Dhrtarashtra, divides his realm between the Pandavas and his own sons, the Kauravas, according to the epic.

Despite the fact that the epic contains several descriptions of Indraprastha, there is little evidence of a direct link between the archeological site and the events depicted in the epic.



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Hinduism - What Is The House of Lac In The Mahabharata?


This is one of the stratagems used by Duryodhana, the epic's antagonist, to murder the five Pandava brothers, who are his cousins and the epic's heroes, in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics.

Duryodhana constructs a splendid palace for the Pandavas without informing them that it is entirely made of lac, a potentially combustible element.

Duryodhana has his servants set the palace on fire after the Pandavas have settled in, in an attempt to burn them alive.

The Pandavas are spared thanks to their uncle Vidura's foresight, who not only warns them about the danger, but also builds an underground passage and a tunnel to transport them far away without being detected.

When the house is set on fire, the Pandavas flee down the tunnel and are safe from Duryodhana for a while since they are thought to have perished in the fire. 


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