Showing posts with label Nagas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Nagas. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is Surasa In Hindu Mythology?


Surasa is the mother of all the Nagas, a class of lesser divinities who take the shape of serpents in Hindu mythology.

Surasa assumes the shape of a monstrous snake in the Ramayana, the older of the two major Indian epics, to test the fortitude of the monkey-god Hanuman, who leaps across the sea to Lanka in quest of Sita, the deity Rama's kidnapped wife.

Surasa informs Hanuman that no one can pass through her mouth without going through her mouth, and Hanuman responds by becoming bigger and larger.

Surasa's jaws spread wider and wider, and Hanuman shrinks to the point where he darts in and out of her mouth.

Surasa, impressed by Hanuman's cleverness and bravery, bestows her blessing on him.

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Hinduism - What Is The Rudra Sampraday?



One of the Bairagi Naga ascetics' four branches (sampraday).

Bairagi refers to ascetics who are worshippers of the deity Vishnu (bhakta).


The term Naga refers to a class of martial ascetics who were hired to guard the other Bairagi ascetics, who couldn't protect themselves since they were holy, intellectual men.

The Bairagi Nagas were divided into several anis, or "armies," in a military-style organization.

The Nagas' primary occupation until the beginning of the nineteenth century was as mercenary soldiers, though they also had significant trading interests.

The Nagas were known for lending money at interest, trading, and owning large amounts of land.

They were especially powerful in areas where the country's centralized government had crumbled.

In modern times, their roles as mercenaries and merchants have largely vanished.


The Rudra Sampraday can trace its spiritual lineage back to Vallabhacharya, the philosopher, and Vishnuswami, an earlier religious teacher.

Rudra Sampradaya

  • Vallabhacharya's followers are mostly householders rather than ascetics; Vallabhacharya was married and had a large family.


  • It is the smallest and least important of the Bairagi Naga sampradays, and the only time it is mentioned is during the Kumbha Mela's bathing (snana) processions.

Kiran Atma

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Hinduism - Who Is A Mandaleshvar?

 ("Lord of the Region") is a title given to a person who is in charge of Respect term for the ascetics appointed to lead the Dashanami Sanyasis' Naga class in their disputes with Christian missionaries.

The Dashanami Nagas are renunciant ascetics who are Shiva worshipers (bhakta) who had previously worked as merchants and mercenary troops.

Their improvisational talents made them good soldiers, but they lacked the necessary preparation for formal debate.

The Nagas picked the Mandaleshvars from among the more erudite Paramahamsa ascetics to provide a more cogent and compelling counter-narrative to Christian missionaries.

As a Mandaleshvar, an ascetic serves as the spiritual counsellor and teacher to the Dashanami Naga members of the akhara, who see him as a spiritual preceptor on par with their own gurus.

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Hinduism - Who Is Kubera Or Kuber In The Hindu Panthen?

In Hindu mythology, a minor god who guards the northern quarter as one of the eight Guardians of the Directions.

Kubera is thought to reside in the Himalayan highlands, surrounded by legendary animals including yakshas, nagas, and kinnaras that serve him.

He is tremendously obese, and he is immensely rich, thanks to the mineral wealth stored in the mountains.

Kubera is the half-brother of Ravana, Lanka's demon king, as well as Kumbhakarna and Vibhishana.

Kubera had a different mother than the other three sons of the deity Vishravas.

Ravana snatches Kubera's aerial chariot, the Pushpak Viman, despite their relationship.

As a result of Ravana's infamous actions, Kubera backs Rama's attempts to defeat Ravana. 

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Hinduism - What Is The Juna Akhara?

 Juna ("Old") Akhara - One of the seven subgroups of the Dashanami Sanyasis' Naga class of renunciant ascetics who are Shiva worshipers (bhakta).

The subgroups are called as akharas, and they are analogous to army regiments.

The Nagas were largely mercenary soldiers until the early nineteenth century, but they were also involved in mercantile trade; none of these qualities apply now.

The sage Dattatreya is revered as the Juna Akhara's "tutelary god," the principal deity from whom they learn; each of the akharas has a separate tutelary deity.

According to some reports, Bhairava was the Juna Akhara's patron god in the past, which would explain why the organization is also known as the Bhairava Akhara.

The present name's literal meaning and association with Bhairava suggest that it is quite ancient.

It is a vast organization that is only present in northern India nowadays.

It is assigned a low rank in certain regions because it admits members from poorer socioeconomic levels.

The Juna Akhara marched alongside the Niranjani Akhara in the bathing (snana) processions at the Kumbha Mela until the middle of the twentieth century, and was therefore regarded a minor portion of that akhara.

The Junas have been dissatisfied with their subordinate position for much of this century, despite having considerably more members than any other akhara.

The Junas first attempted to earn recognition as a distinct procession in 1903 during the Haridwar Kumbha Mela, but did not get it until 1962.

The akharas decided that the Junas would lead the Sanyasi processions during the Shivaratri bathing during a Haridwar Kumbha Mela.

However, on the other two main bathing days—the new moon in Chaitra and the Kumbha bath on April 14—the Niranjanis would be first.

This system fell apart at the 1998 Kumbha Mela in Haridwar, when the Junas asked that, as the biggest akhara, they be permitted to enter the Chaitra bath first.

This argument erupted into a full-fledged riot between ascetic groups and police on the day of the second bath, in which many people were injured.

The fear was that similar violence might return on the major bathing day, but when the Juna Akhara boycotted the bathing processions, the day passed without incident. 

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