Showing posts with label Sureshvara. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Sureshvara. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Was Sureshvara In Hindu Philosophy?

 

 

Advaita Vedanta philosopher, one of two documented pupils of Shankaracharya (788–820? ), the other being Padmapada.

The Advaita school believes in monism, which is the concept that there is a single Ultimate Reality that lies underlying all things, and that all things are only different expressions of that reality.

Advaita proponents exhibit this idea by claiming that reality is nondual (advaita), that is, that all things are nothing but the formless, unqualified Brahman, despite the appearance of diversity and variety.

The idea that the universe is actual as seen is a basic misunderstanding of the ultimate essence of things, according to Advaita proponents, and an evidence of avidya.

Although typically interpreted as "ignorance," avidya refers to a lack of genuine insight that leads to karmic bonds, rebirth (samsara), and pain.

Sureshvara is the sole explicit proponent of jump philosophy in Hindu thinking, however aspects of it may be seen in other Advaita Vedanta thinkers, notably in his instructor.

The leap philosophy asserts that complete freedom from bondage, which is defined in the Indian context as the end of rebirth and full release of the soul (moksha), may be attained, but that such freedom cannot be attained by a perfectly determined sequence of causes and consequences.

Since the ultimate issue arises from one's erroneous understanding, the only solution, according to Sureshvara, is pure, accurate knowledge.

Sureshvara's approach, such as it is, is to utilize a negative dialectic to clearly define what the Self is not, and then to obtain a flash of mystic insight by hearing one of the mahavakyas ("great utterances") that connect the Self with Brahman once one's mind has been pre pared.

Sureshvara asserts that actions have no place in this process since action is inextricably linked to the world and is tainted by ignorance.

For further detail, see A. J. Alston's translation of Sri Suresvara's Naiskarmya Siddhi, published in 1959, and Karl H. Potter's ed. of Advaita Vedanta up to Samkara and His Pupils, published in 1981.


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Hinduism - What Is A Mahavakya In Hindu Literature And Speech?

 

 ("extensive utterance") Short remarks from the Upanishads, speculative literature dubbed "great" because they disclose the fundamental essence of existence and the Self.

Tat tvam asi ("that thou art") is a well-known mahavakya that expresses the Self's union with Brahman.

Ayamatma Brahman ("This Self is Brahman"), sarvam idam khalu Brahman ("Truly, this world is Brahman"), aham brahmasmi ("I am Brahman"), and prajnanam Brahman ("Knowledge is Brahman") are some more well-known utterances.

In the jump philosophy propounded by the philosopher Sureshvara, these big words are most essential.

Complete freedom, according to leap philosophers, is achievable but beyond of our immediate control, since it cannot be obtained by a precisely stated series of causes and consequences.

When a person whose understanding has been cleansed hears one of these mahavakyas, the deep truth in the speech gives the flash of insight that delivers complete freedom of the soul, according to Sureshvara's understanding (moksha).


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Hinduism - What Is Leap Or Ajativada In Hindu Philosophy?

 


Leap Philosophy is a philosophy that encourages people to take risks.

(“ajativada”) In the Indian context, total release from bondage is recognized as the end of rein carnation (samsara) and eventual liberation of the soul (moksha), although such freedom cannot be obtained by a perfectly determined series of causes and consequences, according to leap philosophy.

There is no way to encourage or influence the process of obtaining freedom since it is not a question of cause and effect.

Leap philosophers tend to dismiss the efficacy of ritual activity as a means of achieving ultimate emancipation, save in the context of a preliminary phase, emphasizing that liberation can only be attained by inner awareness.

Members of the Advaita Vedanta school Sureshvara and Shankaracharya discard ceremonial conduct except as preparation for wisdom.

Both thinkers believe that liberation from enslavement comes through knowledge received in a moment of realization, which changes one's view on the world drastically and permanently.



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