Showing posts with label Basti. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Basti. Show all posts

Basti Kriya - Hatha Yoga Shat Karma

    The ‘Basti' exercise is designed to function like a ‘enema,' allowing the buildup of feces in the intestinal canal to be passed out. 

    There are two types of Basti Kriyas in Yoga

    1. Jala Basti and 
    2. Sthala Basti.


    Sthala basti (also known as Sushka basti or Vata basti) cleans the colon without the use of a catheter or tube by drawing air into the body. 

    By drawing water into the anus via a conduit, Jala basti (also known as 'Vati basti') cleans the colon.

    Sthala basti may be done in a variety of positions, including utkatasana and ardha paschimottanasana, although novices should start with a supine position.

    By removing gas from the colon, Sthala basti promotes digestion. 

    Sthala basti may help avoid headaches, increase focus, and create a general sense of well-being since poor digestion leads to other issues.

    • Lie down on the ground and grasp your toes with your fingertips. Knees should not be bent. 
    • This is the same as Paschimottanasana, but you don't have to drop your head to your feet. 
    • Expel the water by churning the abdominal muscles in this position. It helps to heal pelvic muscles. 


    It does better than Sthala Basti  in having the same health outcomes. 

    • Take a five-inch bamboo tube and cut it in half. 
    • Vaseline, grease, or soap should be used to lubricate one end of it. 
    • In Utkatasana, sit in a pool of water or a tank of water up to your knees. 2 to 3 inches into the anus, insert the bamboo tube.
    • Initiate the anus by slowly drawing the water into the intestines. 
    • Expel the water by shaking the abdominal muscles. 
    • It treats bladder problems, dropsy, constipation, among other issues. 

    Tips for Making the Jala Basti Kriya Easier:

    • Beginners should place a catheter into the rectum to pull the water in since it is an advanced procedure. Bamboo tubes have always been preferred over plastic tubes or catheters.
    • The catheter must be at least 13-15 cm long, hollow, and completely smooth.
    • The catheter is placed into the anus at a depth of 4cm or more. For simple insertion, lube it with beeswax or a non-irritating oil like as Vaseline or ghee.
    • As soon as you achieve your limit of kumbhaka, withdraw the catheter from the anus without inhaling (breath retention).
    • When the tube is no longer needed, the rectum is pulled out and the sphincter muscles are opened with fingers. 
    • The hand is then brought in to conduct uddhiyana bandha, after which the hand is withdrawn, followed by breath retention and exhale.
    • Always crouch over the toilet while removing the water from the anus, since the feces will be removed from the lower intestine as well.
    • Ensure that the water in the bowels has been entirely evacuated.

    Follow-up Exercising (After Jala Basti Kriya):

    • On a blanket, lie down in shavasana and gradually take pashinee mudra. By releasing air, this aids in the evaporation of any trapped water in the bowels.
    • Assume shavasana once again, then raise your knees to your chest and rock side to side on the floor. 
    • You may also rock from side to side by opening your arms at shoulder level.
    • Rest in shavasana for a few minutes more, then do bhujangasana 3-5 times to get rid of any lingering water or air.
    • You may also improve your experience by include mayurasana in the sequence.


    This is not something you can do every day or make a habit of. This is mainly to be seen on rare occasions. 

    • Do this first thing in the morning before eating. 
    • If you don't know how to pull water from the tubing, you can use a regular syringe from the store. 
    • You can learn how to extract water from the anus with the aid of the bamboo. 

    However, water is forced into the enema syringe with the aid of oxygen/air. 

    The only distinction is the outcome, which is the same in all scenarios. 

    You can save money by using the bamboo tube.

    You can control the intestinal muscles by pressuring the water to be drawn in and pushed out.

    Most individuals nowadays do enema using a basic enema kit, which can be found at most medical shops. 

    This is a simple alternative to Hatha Yoga's Basti technique. An enema achieves the same result and is far more convenient for most individuals. 

    Warm water (approximately 1 liter) cooked with Neem leaves is used for enema in Naturopathy and Ayurveda. 

    The leaf of the neem tree is a powerful disinfectant. A lengthy tube is placed into the rectum and connects the water container to the rectum. The rectum is allowed to fill with water (approximately a liter or more). 

    It is kept there for a few minutes, depending on the practitioner's ability. Then one goes to the bathroom and expels all of the water, as well as human waste.

    Other traditional yogic practices for intestinal cleansing exist as well. 

    Shanka Prakshalana is a widespread practice. It entails drinking roughly five liters of salty water that is somewhat warm. This is a time-consuming and exhausting procedure. 

    The intestines are unable to absorb the salt water. Instead, it drips all the way down to the rectum, completely cleansing the digestive system from top to bottom. 

    It removes any human waste or food particles adhering to the gut lining from the whole stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and rectum. This should only be done once every six months. 

    However, Laghu Shanka Prakshalana is a simpler procedure that may be performed every two weeks. Only two liters of warm saline water are consumed here. The water is then drained from the anus in a few sittings.

    In current times, the classic Basti procedure has given way to easier enema methods.


    What is the meaning of Sthala basti?

    By drawing air into the body via the anus, Sthala basti is a Hatha yoga cleaning method that targets the colon. It's a challenging technique that requires you to draw your stomach in and up.

    Basti is one of the six procedures that make up shatkarma (also known as shatkriya), the yogic bodily cleaning system, and is employed in traditional Indian medicine.

    Before going on to sthala basti, you should master jala basti.

    Which portion of the body does Basti Kriya cleanse?

    Cleansing of the Intestines with Basti Kriya (Yogic Enema). Basti Kriya is a method for inwardly rejuvenating the body by totally cleaning the colon. 

    It is one of the six shatkarma purifying practices listed in the Hatha Yoga Pradipika.

    Hatha yoga pradipika defines shatkarma as a preparatory practice that cleanses the body from the inside out and prepares the yogi to achieve spiritual objectives.

    Each shatkarma technique involves purifying certain bodily regions; for example, basti kriya involves sucking in water or air via the anus to cleanse the lower belly (large intestine).

    What is Basti and how do you do it?

    • Fill a tub with water and sit in it. The water should come up to the level of the navel. This is best done in a river with a mild current of water.
    • Put your hands on your knees and bend forward.
    • The next step is to pull water into the big intestine from the anus. It takes some practice to be able to achieve this. 
    • Try to draw water up into the rectum by expanding the anus sphincter muscles. This might be challenging at first. This is aided by Uddhiyana Bandha, or bringing the stomach inside and upwards. 
    • Nauli may be used with Uddiyana Bandha to bring water upwards for those who have mastered it.
    • Hold the water in your bowels for a while before passing it via your anus.
    • Rep this procedure until your bowels are completely clear.
    • Because this procedure might be challenging at first, some practitioners place a rubber or plastic tube in the anus to make it simpler.

    What Are The Benefits Of Basti Kriyas?

    • Impurities may stay lodged on the walls of the large intestine and not be discharged for days. 
    • Basti detoxifies the large intestine by removing toxins and cleaning the colon.
    • It helps to prevent gas from forming in the big intestine.
    • Basti is also a wonderful technique for experienced pranayama practitioners. Intense pranayama generates a lot of heat in the body. 
    • Practitioners may sit (up to the navel) in a running river and do Basti to relieve the heat. The heat is removed from the body by drawing cool water in via the anus and then exhaling it.
    • Basti is a typical detoxifying technique used in Ayurveda and Naturopathy.
    • Basti is beneficial to folks who fast for lengthy periods of time. 
    • Regular stool motions are essentially non-existent during protracted water fasts. Despite this, a substantial number of toxins are excreted from the body and pushed into the small and large intestines. These poisons must be removed from the body. 
    • To eliminate these contaminants attached to the intestinal walls, an enema is usually administered. Those who are familiar with Basti may use it to get the enema effect.

    ~Kiran Atma

    You may also want to read more about Pranayama and Holistic Healing here.

    You may also want to read more about Yoga here.

    You may also want to read more about Yoga Asanas and Exercises here.


    Before attempting to awaken Kundalini, one must become fully desireless and full of Vairagya. Only when a man rises above Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada, and other impurities will it be awoken. Kundalini can be reawakened by emerging above sensual impulses.

    Kundalini awakening would favor the Yogi who has a clean heart and a mind void of emotions and urges. If a man with a lot of impurities in his mind uses power to awaken the Sakti through Asanas, Pranayamas, and Mudras, he will lose his legs and fall. He will be unable to progress up the Yogic ladder. This is the primary explanation for people going out of their way or developing physical ailments. Yoga is not in any way harmful. Purity comes first, followed by a detailed understanding of the Sadhana, a qualified guide, and a consistent, incremental practice. There are many temptations on the path to Kundalini awakening, and a Sadhaka lacking innocence would not be able to withstand them.

    Theoretical understanding is just as essential as experience. Some people believe the principle isn't necessary at all. They provide one or two unusual examples that demonstrate that Kundalini has been awoken even in people who have no prior knowledge of Nadis, Chakras, or Kundalini. It may have been by accident or by the grace of a Guru. Nobody should predict this to ignore the theoretical side of things. When you see a man whose Kundalini has been awoken by the grace of a Guru, you will not immediately begin to disregard the practical side of things and spend your time passing from one Guru to the next. A man with a thorough understanding of the philosophy and consistent experience achieves the intended result easily.

    Hatha Yogis can awaken Kundalini through Pranayama, Asanas, and Mudras; Raja Yogis can awaken Kundalini through focus and mind training; Bhaktas can awaken Kundalini through devotion and perfect self-surrender; Jnanis can awaken Kundalini through analytical will; Tantrikas will awaken Kundalini through Mantras; and Guru Kripa will awaken Kundalini through touch, The state of Samadhi and Mukti is influenced by the rousing of Kundalini and its union with Siva at the Sahasrara Chakra. Without the Kundalini awakening, no Samadhi is possible.

    For a select few, either of the methods mentioned above will suffice to awaken the Kundalini. Many people would have to use a combination of strategies. This is determined by the Sadhakas' progress and position on the spiritual path. The Guru will determine the Sadhaka's true position and recommend a suitable method for successfully awakening the Kundalini in a short span of time.

    This is similar to a doctor administering the right drug for a patient to treat a certain illness. The illnesses of various people can not be cured with the same treatment. Similarly, one Sadhana can not be suitable for everyone.

    Many people nowadays mistakenly believe that they have mastered innocence, make mistakes in process selection, and overlook many essential aspects of Sadhana. They're pitiful, deluded souls. Rajasic Sadhakas who are self-assured will pick and choose exercises that appeal to them in an erratic way, abandoning all of them when they experience severe difficulties.

    Prana, along with mind and Agni, ascends through Brahma Nadi after Kundalini awakens. Via special exercises such as Mahabheda, Sakti Chalana, and others, you will be able to raise it to the Sahasrara Chakra.

    It pierces the Muladhara Chakra as soon as it awakens (Bheda). It must be transported to Sahasrara through various Chakras. When Kundalini is at one Chakra, it produces extreme fire, and when it moves on to another Chakra, the previous Chakra becomes very cold and dead.

    The manifestations of Kundalini awakening include freedom from Kama, Krodha, Raga, and Dvesha, as well as mental harmony, celestial love, astral vision, supreme fearlessness, desirelessness, Siddhis, divine intoxication, and metaphysical Ananda. When a man is at ease, he is well aware of his surroundings and the world around him. As it awakens, he is no longer alive like the rest of the universe. He is unconcerned with his physical appearance. He achieves the condition of Unmani. When Kundalini flies from Chakra to Chakra, it opens layer after layer of the mind, giving the Yogi psychic abilities. He regains command of the five elements. He is in the Chidakasa as it meets the Sahasrara Chakra (knowledge space).

    Many people misunderstand and take the Kundalini Sakti's awakening, union with Siva, enjoyment of the nectar, and other Kundalini Yoga functions mentioned in the Yoga Sastras literally. They believe that men are Siva and women are Sakti, and that the aim of Kundalini Yoga is merely sexual union. They continue to deliver flowers and worship their wives with lustful proclivities after misinterpretations of Yogic texts. The word "divine coma resulting from nectar consumption" is often misrepresented. They drink a variety of wine and other intoxicating beverages and pretend to be in Divine ecstasy. It's all a case of stupidity. They are completely incorrect. This kind of prayer and union isn't Kundalini Yoga at all.

    They focus their attention on sexual centers and end up ruining themselves. Some stupid young boys pretend that the Kundalini has gone up to their neck by doing one or two Asanas, Mudras, and a little Pranayama for a few days in whatever way they like. They dress up as large Yogis. They are pitiful, delusory beings. Even a Vedanti (a Jnana Yoga student) can only attain Jnana Nishtha by reawakening the Kundalini Sakti, which is dormant at the Muladhara Chakra. If it is Raja Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Hatha Yoga, or Jnana Yoga, no superconscious state or Samadhi is possible without awakening this primordial spirit.

    It is easy to awaken the Kundalini, but it is extremely difficult to guide it through the Chakras to the Sahasrara Chakra. It necessitates a lot of discipline, perseverance, purity, and consistent practice. The Yogi who has brought everything to the Sahasrara Chakra is really the lord of all powers. Due to false Tushti, most Yogic students end their Sadhana halfway through (satisfaction). When they have mystic visions and psychic abilities, they believe they have arrived at their destination. They want to show off their abilities in front of the public in order to gain Khyati (reputation and fame) and wealth. This is a tragic oversight. Only complete realization will bring ultimate salvation, perfect happiness, and Highest Bliss.

    Hatha Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Raja Yoga, and Jnana Yoga will be listed one by one as different methods of awakening the Kundalini. Any aspirants would not be able to achieve perfection by a single process. For the vast majority of people, a harmonious mix of both approaches is needed. On the following sections, I will describe the various exercises for awakening the Kundalini.

    If you are smart enough, after reviewing the various exercises, you can easily choose the Sadhana form that best suits you and achieve success.

    The state of Samadhi and Mukti is influenced by the rousing of Kundalini and its union with Siva at the Sahasrara Chakra. You must have Deha Suddhi (purity of body), Nadi Suddhi (purification of Nadis), Manas-Suddhi (purity of mind), and Buddhi Suddhi (purity of mind) before you can awaken the Kundalini (purity of intellect). 

    The following six exercises are recommended for body purification: 

    1. Dhauti, 
    2. Basti, 
    3. Neti, 
    4. Nauli, 
    5. Tratak, and 
    6. Kapalabhati. 

    In Hatha Yoga, these are known as Shat-Karma, or the six purifying exercises.