Showing posts with label Abhava. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Abhava. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is Pratyaksha Or Perception In Hindu Philosophy?


Perception (pratyaksha) was acknowledged as a pramana by all philosophical systems, and most also accepted inference (anu mana) and authoritative testimony (shabda).

"Presumption" (arthapatti) and "knowledge from absence" were the two new modes developed by the Mimamsas (abhava).

These additions were justified by the Mimamsas, who claimed that they accounted for knowledge that could not be assimilated under the existing pramanas.

Arthapatti is a kind of inference from circumstance in which a decision is formed regarding one instance only on the basis of comparable situations.

Consider the assumption that a passenger arrived at his or her destination after the train's scheduled arrival time had passed.

This is not a genuine inference, according to Indian philosophy, since the latter must always be verified by direct perception.

Similarly, abhava, or the experience of any absence (for example, the absence of any thing before one), could not be explained by any of the existing pramanas, necessitating the creation of this new one.

Aside from Jaimini, the Mimamsas' most notable individuals are Kumarila and Prabhakara, both of whom lived in the seventh century.

Karl H. Potter's Presuppositions of India's Philosophies was published in 1972, and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Charles A. Moore (eds.) published A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy in 1957.

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Hinduism And Hindu Theology - What Is Abhava?

Abhava (“[knowledge from] absence”) is a Sanskrit word that means “[knowledge from] absence.” 

  • The Purva Mimamsa school of philosophy has two ways of legitimate knowledge (pramana), one of which is abhava and the other is assumption (arthapatti). 
  • All Indian philosophical traditions are concerned with codifying pramanas, or methods for human beings to acquire genuine and correct knowledge. 

The fundamental Hindu religious aim of learning to live, act, and think in a manner that leads to the ultimate release of the soul from the cycle of rebirth is at the root of this issue (samsara). 

  • Pramanas are perception (pratyaksha), inference (anumana), and authoritative testimony (shabda) in almost all systems. 
  • Abhava, or the sense of the absence of something (“there is no jug in this room”), according to the Purva Mimamsa school, is a kind of knowledge that cannot be explained by the other pramanas.

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