Showing posts with label Belur. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Belur. Show all posts

Hinduism - Where Is Karnataka In India?

 

Karnataka is one of four southern Indian states whose residents speak a Dravidian language, in this instance Kannada.

Karnataka is one of the "linguistic" states created following India's independence in 1947, with the goal of uniting people who speak the same language and have a same culture under one state government.

The previous kingdom of Mysore was primarily responsible for the formation of the state.

Karnataka was the center of prominent Hindu kingdoms in medieval periods, notably the Hoysala and Vijayanagar empires, who created towns such as Belur, Halebid, and Hampi, which are today notable archeological sites.

The Lingayats, Shiva worshipers (bhakta), live in Karnataka, and their missionary efforts finally pushed away the large Jain community.

However, Jain monuments such as the huge monolith at Shravanabelgola still survive.

Shrirangapatnam and Shringeri Math are two significant Hindu holy locations in Karnataka.

Despite the fact that majority of the state's economy is still based on agriculture, Bangalore, the state's capital, is a global hub for computer software development.

See Christine Nivin et al., India. 8th ed., Lonely Planet, 1998, for general information about Karnataka and other Indian states.


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Hinduism - Who Were The Hoysala Dynasty Of Southern India?

 

Hoysala Dynasty (11th–14th centuries) Southern Indian dynasty that ruled over the southern half of the state of Karnataka in southern India.

Dorasamudra, which is today known as Halebid, was the capital city.

The Hoysalas were initially vassals of the Chalukyas (a central Indian monarchy that lasted from the seventh to ninth centuries C.E.) until 1093, when they declared independence.

They governed most of Karnataka and northern Tamil Nadu during their zenith, but by the beginning of the 14 century, their authority had waned.

Their empire had been captured by the Sangamas, whose capital was at Vijayanagar, by the middle of the century.

The Hoysalas are most known for the beautiful temples they built at Belur and Halebid, which are treasure troves of medieval south Indian sculpture.



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Hinduism - Where Is Halebid, Belur, And Hampi?


Village in Karnataka, India's southernmost state, some sixty miles northwest of Mysore.

Halebid, like its sister city Belur, is famed for its magnificent collection of Hoysala temples, which dominated western Karnataka from the eleventh to thirteenth century C.E.

The beautiful Hoysaleshvar Temple, dedicated to Shiva in his incarnation as Lord of the Hoysalas, is the most prominent structure at Halebid.

The temples at both Belur and Halebid were made of a special form of stone known as chlorite schist, steatite, or soapstone, which is soft when first mined but hardens with exposure to air.

The stone's early malleability makes it easier to cut, resulting in the rich detail seen in Hoysala temples.

Hoysala temples are distinguished by two architectural features: a central hall connecting three star-shaped sanctuaries, and temple towers (shikharas) made up of well-defined horizontal tiers rather than the continuous upward sweep typical of northern Indian Nagara architecture.

Hampi is a deserted city in central Karnataka, some 170 miles northwest of Bangalore, the state capital.

Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagar empire (1336–1565 C.E.), which ruled much of the Indian peninsula south of the Narmada River during its apex in the early sixteenth century.

The empire's prosperity was derived mostly from its dominance of the spice and cotton trades, both of which were immensely important commodities at the period, and the city of Hampi was constructed on a scale to reflect this.

After the battle of Talikota in 1565, when the last Vijayanagar ruler, Rama Raja, was defeated by a coalition of Muslim sultans from the Deccan, the kingdom came to an end abruptly.

Invading sultans devastated the city, which has been desolate ever since.



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Hinduism - Where Is Belur?

 








The town of Belur is located in the state of Karnataka, approximately sixty miles northwest of Mysore. 



Belur, like its sister site, Halebid, is renowned for a beautiful collection of temples constructed by the Hoysala dynasty, who governed western Karnataka from the 11th to 13th century C.E. 







  • The temples at both locations were made of a specific kind of stone known as chlorite schist, steatite, or soapstone, which was soft when first mined but hardened with exposure to the air. 
  • The stone's early malleability made carving easier and allowed for the rich detail seen in Hoysala temples. 
  • These temples include a central hall that connects three star-shaped sanctuaries, as well as temple towers (shikharas) that are constructed of clearly-defined horizontal tiers rather than the continuous upward sweep typical of northern Indian Nagara architectural style.





You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.