Showing posts with label Indra. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Indra. Show all posts

Hinduism - Who Is A Yati In Hindu Spirituality?

 


 (from the Sanskrit word yam, which means "to restrict") The word yati has been used to identify an ascetic, as someone who has attained control over oneself, from the time of the Vedas, the oldest Hindu holy books.

Since the storm-god Indra is reported to have battled with the yatis during the period of the Vedas, there seems to be some ambiguity about the yatis, but later on the name takes on an absolutely good sense.


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Hinduism - What Is Vrtra?

 



(“obstruction”) In one of the hymns from the Rig Veda (1.32), the earliest Hindu holy literature, the name of the demon slain by the storm-god Indra.

Vrtra is characterized in this hymn as a snake who obstructs the free flow of water, thus his name.

The action in this hymn is one of Indra's defining acts, in which he kills the snake, slices it up, and lets the rivers flow freely.

Some interpreters who view the Vedas as historical records have perceived in this song the approaching Aryans bursting the dams built by the Indus Valley civilization, however there is scant evidence that such an episode really occurred.


Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - Who Is Vishvakarma? What Does Vishvakarma Mean?

 

Vishvakarma is a Sanskrit term that literally refers to a cycle of good and bad deeds ("doing everything") is a phrase that is used to describe a person who does everything. 

It also variably refers to a Universal Worker or Builder capable of various constructions or creations. 

Vishvakarma is more significantly the name of a minor Vedic and Hindu deity who is the architect of the gods, the designer of many handicrafts, decorations, and weapons, the best sculptor, and the inventor of the gods' airborne chariots.

He is the patron and model for all skilled trades involving the shaping and shaping of materials, and he is credited with establishing the canons for carving godly pictures.

Sanjna, Vishvakarma's daughter, is married to Surya, the sun, but she cannot stand to be with him because of the sun's splendor, according to one account.

Vishvakarma brings the sun to his studio and reduces his radiance to a level that Sanjna can tolerate.

He then carves the sun's cut-off fragments into Vishnu's discus (Sudarshana), Shiva's trident (trishul), numerous heavenly weapons, and the Pushpak Viman, the most renowned of the airborne chariots.

In the Vedas, the earliest Hindu sacred books, Vishvakarma is frequently mistaken for Tvashtr, the god's workman.

Despite this, it seems that they are two distinct gods who have been homologized by their same role.

Tvashtr's name means "maker of carriages," and it seems that this was his major duty, but he is also known for manufacturing godly weapons, including the mace with which the storm-god Indra slays the snake Vrtra.

Nonetheless, his name seems to imply that his primary role is the construction of carriages, which is seen to be quite crucial in a Vedic religious literature, since numerous Vedic songs reference the usage of war chariots.

Vishvakarma, on the other hand, has a considerably broader set of abilities, implying that the two deities are not the same.



Kiran Atma


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Hinduism - Who Is Rudra? What Does Rudra Mean?

 

"Howler" is the literal meaning of Rudra.

A fearsome deity who emerges late in the Vedas, the earliest Hindu holy books, and is eventually linked to the god Shiva.

Rudra is mentioned in many hymns in the Rig Veda, where he is linked to the storm deity Indra and the fire god Agni.

The Shvetashvatara Upanishad, one of the later theoretical books known as the Upanishads, provides a more detailed portrayal of Rudra.

Rudra is designated as the universe's controlling force, as well as the genesis and origin of the gods themselves, in the third chapter (adhyaya) of this scripture.

Rudra's portrayal in this upanishad is ambiguous, referencing both his destructive arrows and urging him to manifest in a form that is auspicious (shivam) and tranquil.

This ambivalence may mirror the theological tensions surrounding Shiva, a god who originated outside of the Vedic sacrifice cult but was eventually integrated into established religion and is today one of the most important Hindu deities.


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Hinduism - Who Is Menaka In Hindu Mythology?

 

Menaka is a lovely heavenly girl/nymph/celestial maiden (apsara) who is a minion of Indra, the ruler of the gods, in Hindu mythology.

Menaka's main job is to seduce sages who are threatening to dethrone Indra as king of the heavens.

Semen is seen as the concentrated essence of a man's vital energy in traditional Indian culture, and celibacy is viewed as a way to maintain and keep these energies.

Menaka's attracting abilities are employed to seduce these ascetics, reducing their spiritual force.

The sage Vishvamitra, who is twice charmed by her charms, is her most noteworthy companion.

Their first encounter leads in the birth of the maiden Shakuntala, which is honored in the poet Kalidasa's play Abhijnanashakuntala.

Vishvamitra spends 10 years with Menaka during their second liaison before abandoning her for renunciant existence in the bush.


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Hinduism - Who Is Indra In The Hindu Pantheon?


One of the most powerful and ancient Hindu gods.

His social standing has shifted throughout time, demonstrating how Hinduism has evolved.

Indra is the Vedic god par excellence in the oldest Hindu texts, the hymns of the Rig Veda.

Indra, like other Vedic deities, is linked to natural events, in this instance the force of the storm; he was thought to live in the area (antariksha) between the ground and the sky, where storms occur.

In many aspects, Indra seems to be a metaphor for the values and abilities praised in the Vedas, and (as many have deduced) by the Aryans themselves.

Indra is an indestructible warrior who is capable of amazing feats.

Indra's struggle with the snake Vrtra (1.32) is described in one of the key hymns in the Rig Veda (1.32).

Vrtra is eventually slain and chopped into pieces, enabling the dammed rivers to flow freely across the country.

Indra is a consumer of the intoxicating substance soma, which causes him to have enlarged reveries about his own magnificence; he is the ultimate man's man in a society where male values are normally emphasized.

Nearly a quarter of the 1,028 hymns in the Rig Veda are dedicated to Indra, who is regarded as the force that encircles the globe.

As the Hindu tradition evolved and grew, some of Indra's traits and functions remained consistent.

Indra's dominion is still the atmospheric zone between the ground and the sky in later Hindu mythology, and he is still revered as the deity of the storm, the giver of rain, and the wielder of the holy thunderbolt.

Indra is also one of the eight Guardians of the Directions, ruling over the eastern half of the continent.

Around the first century, however, several aspects of Indra altered; most notably, Indra was "demoted" to being only the ruler of the heavenly regions and the king of the gods.

His position is far more vulnerable, since he is considered as being impacted by the workings of karma, rather than being the greatest, unquestioned authority in the cosmos.

When Indra becomes spiritually fatigued or when a competitor on Earth is spiritually powerful enough to topple him, he is replaced.

The storyline of many tales in old Sanskrit scriptures is advanced by Indra's throne getting heated (a sign that a human person is gathering power to replace Indra) and Indra acting to resist this danger.

When the opponent is a celibate monk whose source of strength is renunciation, Indra generally sends forth an apsara (divine nymph) whose heavenly charms might seduce the ascetic and destroy his power by ruining his celibacy.

In other circumstances, the danger may come from individuals who have completed one hundred great sacrifices; in this case, Indra prevents the hundredth sacrifice by seizing King Sagar's precious horse.

Indra is the gods' king and ruler, but he can only sustain his position by keeping a close watch on any potential dangers.

The way Indra is depicted in various mythological stories reflects this loss of "divine" status.

He is depicted as a lecher and an adulterer in Ahalya's narrative, enticing Ahalya by taking the guise of her husband, the sage Gautama.

When Gautama realizes what has transpired, he curses Indra with a thousand vulvas on his body, however the punishment is eventually changed to a thousand eyeballs.

Indra's impotence in the face of his own passion, as well as his failure to bear Gautama's curse, are clear indications that his divine status has eroded.

Although he is still revered as the bringer of rain and the bearer of the thunderbolt, his meeting with the teenage deity Krishna demonstrates his weakened strength.

When Krishna convinces the village elders to stop giving to Indra, the latter responds by unleashing severe rains that threaten to destroy the settlement.

In the midst of grave danger, Krishna calmly raises Mount Govardhan and holds it over their heads for seven days and nights, blocking the rain.

Despite his best efforts, Indra is unable to defeat the teenage Krishna, revealing once again where true divinity rests.

Indra is revealed to be the heavenly father of Arjuna, one of the five Pandava brothers who are the epic's heroes, in the Mahabharata, the later of the two major Hindu epics.

Arjuna is courageous and gallant, the quintessential warrior who likes the clash of combat and is unrelenting in defending his personal and family honor, and he shares his father's virtues and flaws.

He may also be egotistical, narcissistic, and obnoxious, and he has a lot of extramarital affairs, some of which result in children.

Both are great soldiers when they're required, but they lack the other attributes that make them useful in times of peace.

This narrative of Indra and Arjuna demonstrates that Indra has descended from being the most prominent god to becoming a lesser deity who is not worshipped.

 


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Hinduism - Who Is Indrani In The Hindu Pantheon?


 (Feminine form of Indra) The wife of Indra, the deity who rules over the heavens.

Indrani is a minor character, maybe representing Indra's lessened importance in later Hindu mythology.

Her sole significant part is as the object of love in Nahusha's narrative, in which he succeeds Indra as the king of heaven due to his righteous actions.

Nahusha makes moves at Indrani, assuming he is entitled to both her and Indra's throne.

The sage Agastya curses Nahusha to be reincarnated as a huge snake for his arrogance.

 


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Hinduism - Who Is Gautama? Why Did He Curse Ahalya And Indra?

 

Kashyapa, Bharadvaja, Vasishtha, Bhrgu, Atri, and Vishvamitra are the other seven sages whose names denote a clan "lineage" (gotra) in Hindu mythology.

All brahmins are said to be descended from these seven sages, with each family adopting their progenitor's name as their gotra name.

These gotra divides are still essential in current times, since marriage inside the gotra is prohibited.

After her marriage, a new bride takes her husband's gotra as part of her new identity.

Gautama is most known for being Ahalya's husband.

When he finds that the deity Indra has slept with Ahalya, he curses both his wife and Indra with a thousand vulvas on their bodies.

Both curses are eventually changed to make them less severe.

Ahalya is turned to stone, but when touched by the deity Rama's foot, she comes back to life, whilst Indra's body is covered with a thousand eyes.


 


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