Showing posts with label Bhubaneshvar. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bhubaneshvar. Show all posts

Hinduism - Where Is The Lingaraja Temple In India?


The Gudimallam linga, the earliest known depiction of Shiva in this form, depicts him as both male and female, transcending the most fundamental defining characteristic of human identity.

The most prominent and largest of the temples in Bhubaneshvar, dedicated to the deity Shiva as Tribhuvaneshvar, the "Lord of the Three Worlds." The temple was constructed in the eleventh century C.E., and it represents the pinnacle of the Nagara architectural style's Orissan branch.

With shorter auxiliary structures running up to it, the temple construction culminates in a single, high peak point above the image of the temple's major deity.

The Lingaraja temple has all of the components of Orissan architecture, including a 120-foot-high beehive-shaped tower (deul), a dancing hall (natamandira), an entry hall (jagamohan), and an outside entrance hall (bhogamandapa).


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Hinduism - Where Is Konarak Or Konark In India?


Village on the Bay of Bengal in Orissa, approximately 40 miles east of Bhubaneshvar, the state capital.

The Sun Temple in Konarak is well-known.

The temple was erected by king Narasimhadeva (r. 1238–1264), a ruler of the Ganga dynasty, and is now in ruins.

The whole temple was designed to resemble the sun's chariot, with twelve massive wheels engraved on the temple's lowest level and sculptures of many huge horses in front of it.

The temple's lower levels, like Khajuraho's, are covered with sexual engravings, leading to a variety of interpretations: Some interpret the carvings allegorically as representing human oneness with the divine, while others argue they condone sexual pleasure as a holy path.

Others interpret them as teaching that the desire for pleasure must be conquered in order to reach the divine.

The temple was constructed on a grand scale.

The huge center spire, according to one estimate, would have stood over 200 feet tall.

The sandy soil at the base of the spire would not have been able to withstand the weight of such a massive construction, hence it is unknown whether it was ever finished.

The most significant factor in the temple's decline has been the unstable soil.

The jagamohan is the main building that has survived at the site (assembly hall).

The hall was filled with sand in the nineteenth century to keep it from collapsing further.

For further detail, read Roy Craven's Indian Art, published in 1997. 


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Hinduism - Where Is Bhubaneshvar?








Orissa is the contemporary Indian state with its capital city of Bhubaneshvar. 



Bhubaneshvar is said to have around 500 temples, the most famous of which is the Lingaraja Temple. 

  • It is devoted to Shiva as Tribhuvaneshvar ("Lord of the Triple World"), from whom the city derives its name.






You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.