Showing posts with label Architectural Style. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Architectural Style. Show all posts

Hinduism - What Is A Garbhagrha In Hindu Temple Arch itecture?


 (“womb-house”) The garbhagrha is the inner sanctuary of a temple in traditional Hindu architecture, which houses the image of the temple's principal deity.

The garbhagrha was positioned just below the peak of the tallest tower of the Nagara architectural style common in northern and eastern India, in which the whole temple edifice culmiinates in one highest point (shikhara).

The garbhagrha's position is identified by a tower taller than the rest of the roof in the Dravida style seen in southern India—in which temples are shorter but tend to spread over wide distances.

 

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Hinduism - What Is The Artificial Caves Architectural Style In India?

 











This was a popular architectural style in Maharashtra's western region, especially in the early centuries of the common period. 



The chaitya, or rock-cut cave temple, was the oldest form, and it is linked with Buddhist architectural locations. 


A chaitya generally consisted of a huge room carved into the side of a hill, surrounded by artificial caves carved out of solid rock. 

Featuring a Buddha figure at the far end and a glass above the entryway to let additional light in. 

These caverns were dug and carved from the top down, eliminating the need for scaffolding. 

The sides and central pillars were carved to seem like they were made of wood. 



The chaitya shape was adopted in early Hindu architecture, although it was ultimately abandoned in favor of free-standing temples. 


The caves of Ellora, especially the Kailasanatha temple (late 8th century), devoted to the deity Shiva in his guise as the Lord of Mount Kailas, are the most magnificent Hindu rock-cut temples. 

The Kailasanatha temple was cut out of solid rock to appear like it was constructed of masonry. 

Although the temples at Elephanta were completed later, this temple represented the pinnacle of the artificial cave as an architectural form. 

After this time, the focus shifted to free-standing temples. 




You may also want to read more about Hinduism here.

Be sure to check out my writings on religion here.