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Parapsychology - Who Was Frater Achad?


Charles Stansfeld Jones (1886–1950), a British magician and novelist who resided in Cana cay and formed the Fellowship of Ma-Ion, used this mystical name.

He was a disciple of the magician Aleister Crowley, who named him his magical child.

Jones is to be differentiated from theosophical writer George Graham Price, who channeled two popular writings under the alias Frater Achad, Melchizedek Truth Principles (1963) and Ancient Mystical WhiteBrotherhood (1971).

Apart from channeling the two works, nothing is known about Price's life.

Bonner, Margerie Lowry said that while working on Under the Volcano, he started to research the theosophists' canon, which included P.D. Ouspensky, Swedenborg, Blake, James, Böhme, and Yeats, as well as A.E. Waite, Eliphas Levi, Madame Blavatsky, and, by chance, Frater Achad. 

Charles Stansfeld-Jones – a white magician and author of Cabbalistic books and treatises under the name Frater Achad – appeared at Lowry's Dollarton shack and began a long friendship with him, during which time Lowry experimented with astral body projection, the I Ching, and Yoga, and studied the Tree of Life, a reproduction of which was hung on a wall in the shack. 

Lowry discontinued his research after months of immersion for fear of "opening doors that should stay locked." [Originally published in Perle Epstein's The Private Labyrinth of Malcolm Lowry. 

Holt, Reinhart, and Winston, New York, 1969.] While Lowry finished the first draft of Under the Volcano in 1940 before meeting Stansfeld-Jones, he subsequently claimed that he met a Cabbalist at a "critical and serendipitous time in the composition of the novel." Since the receiving of the Book of the Law, Achad has been regarded as the most notable Catholic Thelemite. 

This is because Frater Achad converted to Roman Catholicism in 1928, 19 years after entering the A.A. as a Probationer. 

Achad's claim to fame as a Thelemite—and the reason orthodox Thelemites must contend with him even if they believe his curious researches are mistaken or dangerous—is that he discovered the qabalistic "key" to the Book of the Law, prompting Aleister Crowley to rename the book Liber AL vel Legis instead of Liber Legis. 

This finding was recounted in Achad's magical notebook, Liber 31, which was eventually released. 

Crowley used this insight to consecrate Achad as his magical son, as prophesied in the Book of the Law, and to acknowledge his claim to the Thelemic grade of Magister Templi, or "Babe of the Abyss." However, by the 1920s, Crowley had become disillusioned with his son and successor due to some Achad writings. 

Achad's experiment with changing the courses of the qabalistic Tree of Life was documented in his 1922 Q.B.L.; or the Bride's Reception. 

The Egyptian Revival, published in 1923, and The Anatomy of the Body of God, published in 1925, continued Achad's work. 

To put it plainly, Crowley thought such attempts were foolish. 

Achad was also a member of the Worldwide Brotherhood, an esoteric group that claimed to share universal religious and philosophical knowledge, as well as a "true transcript" of the objective cosmos, by this time. 

Many occultists, including Crowley, thought the convoluted UB system was a "scam" or, worse, a cover for the Catholic Church's infiltration of occult organizations (for more on the UB, see the recent article in the O.T.O. anthology Success is Your Proof). 

Many high-ranking members of the UB converted to Catholicism when it was founded by Merwin-Marie Snell, a Catholic comparative religion professor. 

Crowley and Achad ultimately lost communication, and Achad was expelled from the Order of the Temple

Jones, on the other hand, never stopped thinking about his status as Crowley's magical offspring, and Thelema's revelations remained a major element of his spiritual worldview. 

Following Crowley's death, Achad corresponded with Crowley's executor Gerald Yorke in a lengthy series of letters. 

The letters "announced the arriving of the Aeon of Maat" in April 1948, and "from this point onwards the communication contains information recording the development of the new Aeon which Jones had discovered, and exploring its consequences and implications," according to Starfire. 

An Aeon is governed by a central spiritual idea or formula as well as the god-form that personifies that idea, according to Crowley's Thelemic system. 

It lasts about 2,000 years (coinciding with the precession of the equinoxes) and is ruled by a central spiritual idea or formula as well as the god-form that personifies that idea. 

The Aeon of Horus, which began in 1904 with Crowley's receiving of Liber AL vel Legis, is controlled by Horus, the god's crowned and victorious offspring, and will last for thousands of years. 

Yet, like Achad, some unconventional Thelemites have accepted the possibility of a premature dawning of the Aeon of Maat—for example, Kenneth Grant in his Typhonian Trilogies, the Thelemic magical order Ordo Adeptorum Invisiblum, and Nema, whose received text Liber Pennae Penumbra and system of Maat magick is perhaps the most influential result of Maatian speculations. 

The greatest description of these modern currents in theoretical occultism is Don Karr's book Approaching the Kabbalah of Maat

Despite the fact that Achad's announcement of the Aeon of Maat influenced a number of important occultist researchers in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, his Maatian revelation does not appear to follow from his books, his Catholic conversion, or his involvement with (and eventual leadership of) the UB. 

To truly comprehend the importance of an early Aeon of Truth and Justice—the spiritual concepts symbolized by the god-form of Maat—one must first understand the qabalistic implications of Achad's 1920s views. 

Among early twentieth-century occultists, Achad is possibly the most pro-materialist. 

Unlike many Gnostics, Neo-Buddhists, and Theosophists of the time, Achad believes in a material universe infused with spirit—sacramentally infused, if you will. 

This is in line with the Universal Brotherhood's philosophical realism principles. 

It also corresponds to Achad's extreme qabalistic theories. 

Unlike other qabalists, Achad's multifaceted image of the Tree of Life's primeval fall and eschatological restoration resembles a cosmic fulfillment process rather than a myth of transgression and forgiveness. 

This is something he shares with the modernist Catholic thinkers of his day. 

Idealism and Materialism must join and go hand in hand if a new Civilization is to be established, argues Achad in The Anatomy of the Body of God. 

The Soul of Humanity is the connection that binds everything together. 

Our physical bodies are nothing to be ashamed of, but they would be useless without the Spirit and Will that give them life and action. 

On the other hand, we should not be so timid and selfish as to want to be re-absorbed into Spirit, as if the whole Creative Plan had been a waste of time and should have never been undertaken in the first place. 

No! Let us offer gratitude in our hearts for both our bodies and our spirits, and let us use both properly and to the full extent of our abilities. 

Over the course of the 1920s, Achad's writings became more oriented on the immanent fulfillment of God's Kingdom, a perspective that would be dubbed "realized eschatology" in Christian theology. 

"We must take into the inheritance of Freedom that has been provided for us in the Father's Kingdom upon Earth," says Anatomy, "and begin to construct a 'Living Temple, not created with hands, everlasting in the Heavens'—on Earth." The rousing proclamation, There is a space reserved for every one of you, Here and Now, finishes the book's introduction. 

Everything has its place when everything is placed in its place. 

Take up your positions in the Kingdom of the Ever-Coming Son, fulfill yourself in the fulfillment of God's Will inside you, and demonstrate to those who are still in the dark outside that there is space for everyone who are willing to maintain their place and stop attempting to usurp others'. 

Frater Achad's knowledge of the approaching Kingdom of God is based on his interpretation of Qabalah's cosmic processes. 

In the orthodox Thelemic schema, the Egyptian deity forms Isis—Osiris—Horus correlate to Binah—Kether-Chokmah—and Tiphereth, respectively. 

Malkuth, the Material Kingdom, is represented by Maat, who completes the four-part sequence. 

The four letters of the Hebrew Tetragrammaton, IHVH—Osiris (I), Isis (H), Horus (V), with Maat (final H) completing the sequence—can also be ascribed to the Aeons. 

In most texts on Hermetic Qabalah, the letters of the Tetragrammaton fulfill a cosmic story. 

The fallen Daughter (Heh final) must combine with the Son (Vav) to ascend to the level of Heh prime, establishing the Daughter/Malkuth on the throne of Binah, the Mother, in order to restore the Tree of Life to its pre-Fall condition (Heh prime). 

The Mother then "arouses the active power of THE FATHER, and these twain being UNITED, everything is RE-ABSORBED into THE CROWN," as Achad describes in Q.B.L. 

As a result of Malkuth's union with Kether, the eschatological kingdom is realized on Earth, fulfilling God's goal for creation. 

The salvation economy of Mary, a Daughter of Israel and child of the earth, conceiving the Son, the Christos, by the Holy Spirit, then being joined with God the Father in her Coronation as the Mother of Heaven, may be expressed in the Catholic system. 

Through the inbreaking of the eschatological Kingdom in the event of Jesus Christ, the Son's Incarnation thus redeems Malkuth's material world—represented in miniature by Mary. 

Through the Eucharistic Mass, Catholics engage in this reality—the eschaton made manifest here and now in fulfillment of God's design. 

Many orthodox Thelemites have proposed bizarre explanations for why Frater Achad would ever switch to the Roman Church, including insanity, a desire to convert the Church to Thelema's Law, or being lost in the Abyss as a Black Brother. 

Achad, on the other hand, offers a different reason for his strange conversion: Achad needed to be escorted to the Temple's opposite Pillar in order to discover the secrets of the R[oman] Catholic Church. 

He joined the Church as an orthodox member and obtained his first communion during Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve, 1928. 

This step, and only this step, resulted in the start of the Initiations and Ordeals that were to follow, as per Liber Legis. 

(Jones, letter to Gerald Yorke and Albert Handel, May 6, 1948; cited in Hymenaeus Beta, Prolegomenon to Aleister Crowley's Liber Aleph, Second Edition, Hymenaeus Beta, Prolegomenon to the Second Edition, Hymenaeus Beta, Prolegomenon to the Second Edition, Hymenaeus Beta, Prolegomenon to the Second Edition, Hymenaeus Beta, Pro Achad was poised to herald the beginning of the Aeon of Truth and Justice—the eschatological Kingdom realized on earth, glyphed in esoteric terms by the goddess Maat and glyphed in the New Testament by St. John the Divine's vision of the New Jerusalem: Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, since the previous heaven and earth had vanished, and the sea had vanished as well. 

And I saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, descending down from God like a bride adorned for her husband (Revelation 21:1-3) This is the banquet for the bride—the New Jerusalem has come down to earth, the divine has become one with the mundane world. 

"Jones relayed the news of his 1932 Silver Star Ordeal not only to Crowley, but also to the Catholic Church," states Hymenaeus Beta. 

Achad considered his initiations into this new New Aeon as vital to both the occult world and the Catholic Church. 

"He came to believe that the Aeon of Horus was coming to an end, and that a new Aeon of Truth and Justice, ruled by the Egyptian goddess Maat (or Ma), was about to begin." Achad's conversion allowed him to participate in the Church's sacramental life. 

This implies he took part in the Eucharist, with his first Mass being the Christmas 1928 Mass commemorating the Incarnation. 

For Catholics, the Eucharist is the eschatological reality bursting into our current moment, the Kingdom of God made visible on earth. 

The Eucharist is "a guarantee of future grandeur," according to the Catholic Church's Catechism, "a foretaste of the celestial feast to come" (CCC 1323). 

The Aeon of Maat is a "backwards current," granting us a vision of an age in which "we all may become something far greater, something which exists in the form of seeds within us in the eternal Now" (Horus/Maat Lodge FAQ page), much like the inbreaking Kingdom of God, which rushes in from the future to meet us in the present (see, for example, radical Catholic theologian Edward Schillebeeckx's God the Future of Man). 

Unlike other non-orthodox Thelemites who believe in a "double current" in which both the Aeons of Horus and Maat are active at the same time, or those who believe that the Aeon of Maat will arrive too soon to replace the Aeon of Horus, my reading of Frater Achad through the lens of the Catholic Mass suggests that the new Aeon of Truth and Justice is present in the present at the same time as the "force and fire" of the Aeon The Mother's Daughter ascends to the throne, the Father awakens, and the Son of God is born among the people of the world. 

"Kether is in Malkuth, and Malkuth is in Kether," Frater Achad declares.

Further Reading:

Achad, Frater [Charles Stansfeld Jones]. The Anatomy of the Body of God. New York: Samuel Weiser, 1969.

Achad, Frater [George Graham Price]. Ancient Mystical White Brotherhood. Lakemont, Ga.: CSA Press, 1971.

Melchizedek Truth Principles. Phoenix, Ariz.: Lockhart Research Foundation, 1963.

Kiran Atma

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Witch-Doctor?

Originally, this word referred to a magical practitioner capable of counteracting evil magic. 

Doctor is a respectful title given to magical practitioners in the African-American community and in white cultures who have been inspired by their practices. 

  • Doctor is not just a respectable title, but it also denotes a healer, since curses and hexes are thought to appear as physical diseases in many cultures, which are difficult to treat with traditional medicine. 
  • The target's body is really injected with harmful chemicals (either by magical or actual physical methods). 
  • The witch-doctor must eliminate these toxic elements in order to heal the patient. 

Although the name "witch-doctor" has become a derogatory word for shamans and traditional healers, some contemporary magical practitioners (such as author Draja Mickaharic) accept it. 

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is A Charm?

A vocal spell, either spoken or (more often) sung, is referred to as a charm. 

  • The name Carmenta comes from a Greek oracular ghost who became quite prominent in Italy. 
  • In contrast to the Greeks, who saw witches as primarily practitioners of plant magic, the Romans connected witchcraft mostly with incantations (Carmentis). 
  • Incantations and charms are interchangeable terms; many spells use rhymes. Many spells are made up entirely of charms. 

The magical community still uses the term "charm" in this way. 

To be charmed is to be "spellbound," though in a nice way. 

A supplementary contemporary meaning of charm refers to an item having magical power, such as a talisman or amulet. 

  • Charm bracelets, for example, have little charms. 
  • This is what people mean when they say "lucky charms." 
  • This meaning is far more prevalent outside of the magical world, and it is frequently the only term most people are acquainted with. 

A Charmer is a witch who can perform spells.

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Warlock?

The term "warlock" has traditionally been used to refer to a male practitioner of the magical arts. 

  • It was especially popular in Scotland as an euphemism for "man witch" and is still used in the media today, but not in the contemporary witchcraft community. 
  • It's a contentious term that enrages many practitioners of magic. 
  • Its usage also suggests that the individual employing it is an outsider to the magical community, lacking in subtlety and decorum. 

Its origins are a matter of dispute; the two theories are not mutually exclusive: 

• It comes from the Old English waeroga, which means "oath breaker" but has also been used to mean "devil" in the past.

  • Waer denotes a promise, whereas loga, derived from the root word "to lie," implies "betrayer."  

  • This became Middle English warloghe, sometimes spelt warlache, and ultimately its current spelling.  

  • The term "oath breakers" is used to connect the warlock to Christian apostasy. 


• It comes from the Norse word vardlokkur, which may refer to a knowledgeable man who guards (or locks) the gates of knowledge. 

  • He creates wards by binding bad spirits to prevent them from entering via portals.  

  • This warlock is a spiritual warrior who uses protective magic, particularly defensive runes, to defend himself. 

If the term vardlokkur is used, it is derived from Pagan origins and alludes to authentic Pagan tradition. 

  • Vardlokkur may refer to the practitioner, but it may also refer to the magical tradition of binding harm and providing protection with runes. 

The term "warlock" is derived from both origins and may represent Christian views of Pagan Norse invaders in Britain. 

  • Regardless of where it comes from, the Anglo-Saxon word is firmly rooted in Christian tradition. 
  • It's a Christian term for people who are despised by Christians, and it's come to imply "backsliding Christian" at some time. 
  • It was used by witch-hunters on their victims. 
  • This term still has a sting to it, and it will raise eyebrows in many, if not all, witchcraft groups. 
  • Those who rely extensively or solely on Norse traditions, and who may even prefer the name, are exceptions.

Although the concept of lying witches offends Neo-Pagans, the point is that the term was created by Christian authority. 

  • The Church, not other Pagans, was the target of the violated oath. Pagans may have tried to maintain their traditions via deception, as has been done successfully elsewhere (Santeria, Vodou), by pledging allegiance to the Church with their fingers crossed while playing for time and safety. 
  • When they were apprehended, they were charged with "oath-breaking." 

The warlock is the British counterpart of the Muslim Moriscos and Jewish conversos of Spain.

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Yoga's Origins and Evolution of Consciousness

Yogic Evolution

1. Yoga's psychospiritual technology, in its fully developed form, dates from the "axial age," the crucial period around the middle of the first millennium B.C.E., when Lao Tzu and Confucius lived in China, Mahavira and Gautama the Buddha lived in India, and Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle lived in Greece. 

2. These geniuses and a host of other path-makers of the time - The Swiss cultural philosopher Jean Geb­ ser has brilliantly defined what this new perspective implies in the broader history of human civilisation. 

3. He believes that mankind has traveled through a succession of four mental structures, or cognitive styles, that he has labeled the fol­lows: 

1. Archaic consciousness: This is the simplest and oldest cognitive type, with the lowest level of self-awareness and is still nearly entirely instinctive. 


  • It dates back to the period of Australopithecus and Homo habilis in terms of history.  

  • Today, this curiosity expresses itself in us as the desire for self-transcendence, for example.  

  • It's also involved in ecstatic experiences (samtidhi) and drug-induced altered states of consciousness, when the barrier between subject and object is temporarily removed. 


2. Magical consciousness: The magical consciousness, which emerges from archaic consciousness, is still pre-egoic and has a diffuse awareness. 


  • It works on the concept of identity, as represented in analogical thinking, a gut-level (archetypal) reaction that connects seemingly disparate parts into a whole.  

  • Over one-and-a-half million years ago, this kind of consciousness may have defined Homo erectus.  

  • When we are captivated or in sympathy with someone or something, it is still effective in us now.  

  • It shows itself in a variety of ways, like blindly falling in love or momentarily forgetting one's judgment (and perhaps one's humanity) when under the hypnotic effect of a big crowd.  

  • The magical consciousness is also evident in parts of Yoga that require intense inner concentration, which leads to a loss of bodily awareness.  

  • Of course, it is also the conceptual foundation for all kinds of sympathet­ic magic, which is a component of certain yogic pathways, particularly Tantric schools that stress the development of paranormal abilities, or siddhis. 


3. Mystical perception: This indicates a higher level of self­awareness, similar to but not equal to that of a toddler. 


  • Rather than mystical identity or mental duality, thinking is based on the concept of polarity.  

  • Symbols rather than mathematics, myth rather than hypothesis, emotion or intuition rather than abstraction are used to tell the story.  

  • The legendary consciousness may have been mainly embodied by the Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons.  

  • It, like the other structures of consciousness, is still functional today and played a key role in the development of a vast array of spiritual traditions, including Yoga.  

  • When we shut our eyes and immerse ourselves in mental images, or when we give lyrical expression to our deepest feelings, we engage mythological awareness.

  • Most traditional Yoga methods have a significant mythological component, and they may be effectively put together under the term of Mythic Yoga, as opposed to a more integrative approach, such as Sri Aurobindo's Integral Yoga. 

  • "In, up, and out" is the verticalist slogan of Mythic Yoga. 

  • All of this is covered in more depth in Wholeness or Transcendence?


4. Awareness of the mind:


  • This cognitive style, as its name implies, is the realm of the thinking, logical mind, and it operates on the concept of duality ("either/or").  

  • Here, self-awareness is high, and the world is seen as divided into subject and object.  

  • This cognitive approach has controlled our lives since the Renaissance in Europe, and it has even become a harmful force.  

  • Today, the naturally balanced mental awareness has degenerated into what Gebser refers to as the rational mode. 


When Patanjali authored his Yoga-Sutra and Vyasa penned his commentary on it, mental awareness was still at its peak. 

  • Yoga does not rule out this specific cognitive approach, but all classic Yoga systems emphasize the transcendence of the mind, both in its lower and higher forms as manas and buddhi. 
  • The truth is always thought to exist outside of the mind and senses. 
  • The mind is often depicted as the arch adversary of the spiritual process in what I've termed Mythic Yoga. 
  • This belief, on the other hand, is a restriction that does not exist in more integrated Yoga. 

Although, in order to know the Self, the mind's mechanism must be transcended and liberated from its egoic anchoring, intellectual work is not always harmful to spiritual development. 

  • Gebser claimed that now we are seeing the emergence of a fifth structure of consciousness, which he termed integral consciousness, in his excellent book The Ever-Present Origin and many other writings. 
  • This is not the place to provide a comprehensive explanation of this new human mental mode. 
  • I only want to point out that this new awareness, in Gebser's opinion, is an antidote to the one-sidedness of the excessive logical mentality, which is a degeneration of the original mental consciousness. 

In Gebser's interpretation, logical awareness is overly egoic and at conflict with spiritual Reality. 

  • In contrast, integral awareness is naturally ego-transcending and receptive to what Gebser referred to as the "Origin," or the Ground of Being. 
  • There are clear similarities to Sri Aurobindo's philosophy here, and Gebser confessed to being in that great sage's spiritual gravity field. 

The job before us, both personally and collectively, is to assist this developing integrated consciousness in ourselves and our human civilization as a whole to take effect. 

  • Only in this manner can we expect to rebalance awareness' different structures, enabling each to express itself according to its inherent values. 
  • I believe that the Yoga tradition, like other spiritual traditions, has many aspects that, when used wisely to our current circumstances, may significantly aid in this difficult process of integration.

You may also want to read more about Kundalini Yoga here.

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Root Doctor, Root Woman, Or Root Worker?



A witch, healer, or magical practitioner who specializes in herbs. 

  • Root workers utilize various parts of plants, but roots are said to have the most potent magical properties. 
  • The word "root-worker" also connotes a unique connection with Earth and her protecting spirits, as well as strength and wisdom. 
  • The capacity of root-workers to "root" about in Earth is a hint to their power: it was previously deemed dangerous to disturb Earth unless one understood appropriate procedures and had permission to dig. 
  • Root-working is a kind of magical activity that dates back thousands of years. 
  • Bears, pigs, and snakes are said to have been the first to teach humans the art: these are creatures that "root" in the ground. 
  • Root-worker is a term that is often used interchangeably with Hoodoo Doctor or Conjurer.

BOTANICALS: Mandrake, Roots; 


ANIMALS: Bears, Pigs, Snakes; 


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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is An Alrauna, Alraune, Alruna, Or Alrune?

This German term has been used as a synonym for "witch" for centuries. 

  • However, term was initially used to characterize pre-Christian Germanic women who were also known as priestesses, prophetesses, shamans, and magical practitioners. 
  • Alrauna seems to have the same origins as the words "rune" and "rowan." 

  • There is very little information on the alrauna that has survived. 
  • What's left is nearly entirely based on Roman observations: Tacitus portrayed the "aurinia" as having magical abilities, while Aventinus characterized them as "loose-haired, bare-legged witches." 

  • There are also a few cryptic allusions to "crossroads goddesses," which alrauna might have initially (or additionally) meant the spirits these prophetesses served. 
  • Mandrake roots are also known as alrauna. 


Films: Alraune, 

Literature: Alraune. Alraundelberin: Germanic synonym for “witch” first used in the sixteenth century. 

It literally means “alraune bearer” and refers to the magical use of mandrake roots. 

Related to: Alraune, Haljoruna; 

BOTANICALS: Rowan Mandrake, Haljoruna.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is The Meaning of Conjure?

The word 'Conjure'  is almost as perplexing as "witch," this term is used to denote a variety of conceptions by various individuals. 

  • The word "conjure" comes from Latin origins that mean "conspiracy." 
  • The early conjurari were Women's Mysteries and Bacchanalia worshippers. 
  • They were seen as a menace by the Republic of Rome, which banned them in 186 BCE, accusing them of conspiring. 
  • The name was meant to be pejorative, comparable to the term "warlock," and though the original connotation has faded through time, its association with magical activities has endured. 

Modern dictionary meanings for the verb include "practice of the magical arts," "the practice of tricks like juggling," and "to call, particularly by invocation or incantation," with the connotation that what is being called or conjured are spirits. 

  • Conjure is also a term for a magical ritual practiced by African-Americans. 
  • Although Hoodoo's foundation is firmly rooted in African traditions, many of its practitioners are white, and others reject (or are unaware of) these origins. 
  • Conjure is a term that was predominantly used in context of contemporary Voodoo and African American culture. 

Related to - Warlock, Hoodoo.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is Gris-gris?

Gris-gris is a West African term that originally referred to ritually prepared magical artifacts, comparable to what the Portuguese referred to as "fetishes." 

  • Traditionally, gris-gris was shaped like dolls or fabric parcels. 
  • The phrase does not come from the French term gris, which means "gray, gray," and refers to "gray magic" that combines "black" and "white." 

The term gris-gris is now used to refer to any magical item, charm bag, or spell. 

  • Some people confuse it with magic, although gris-gris refers to a magically charged item produced for defensive reasons. 

MAGICAL ARTS: Charm Bag; Mojo, Paket Kongo.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is A Rune?



Rune is an alphabetic system that is strongly associated with Nordic customs. 

  • However, runes are more than just an alphabet: each one emits a distinct force. 

They're used for divination, casting spells, and other magical or spiritual activities. 


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Paganism & Wicca - What Is Widdershins?

Widdershins literally means, "the road on the left." 

  • When walking or dancing counter-clockwise, one is circling widdershins, walking or dancing in the opposite direction of the sun. 
  • The moon, ladies, and yin energies are associated with the left side in traditional magical knowledge. 
  • Dualist philosophy linked "left" with the evil side of the everlasting chessboard of warring forces, while non-dualist cultures view "left" as neutral and necessary: there is no "right" without "left" and vice versa. 

Mr. Right, the right choices, and the right route vs left-handed praises and the left-hand road are examples of modern use that reveal these meanings. 

The left side is the sinister side in Latin; do we need to explain more? 

Circling widdershins became known as the "witches' path" and the "devil's way" after Christianity. 

It was enough for a witch to be accused of witchcraft if she was seen circling widdershins. 

Those who believed witches were wicked malefactors were terrified when they saw someone circling widdershins. 

  • Many spells use widdershins movement in the same way as deasil does. 
  • When one of them is removed, the equilibrium is lost. 
  • However, there is still a fear of widdershins among many Wiccan traditions, though not all, who connect widdershins with evil magic. 
  • Widdershins is often used for banishing by those who integrate it into their magical practice.

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Paganism & Wicca - Who Is A Strigae?

Strigae: Strix is a Latin word that meaning "screech owl" but may also indicate "witch." 

  • It comes from the Greek word for "to scream." 
  • The term may be connected to the word goes, which means "howler." 
  • Owls are linked with birth, death, and major female goddesses like Athena and Lilith, thus it may have originally signified practitioners of Women's Mysteries. 
  • The term was then used by the Romans to refer to a particular kind of shape-shifting magical practitioner. 
  • The strix reflects the ancient Roman culture's dread of both magical activity and feminine authority. 
  • The Late Latin term strigae is defined by the Latin grammarian Fastus as "the designation given to women who perform magic." 
  • Strix is usually a woman. By day, they are humans, but at night, they change into birds, soaring through the skies eager for human flesh and blood, particularly that of infants. 
  • Strigae, like succubuse, are attracted to sex and human energy, or life force. 
  • Women removed their clothing and smeared unguents over their bodies, allowing them to shape-shift into owl form and fly out into the night to do mischief, according to tradition. 
  • The strigae, which swooped about at night producing ear-piercing screeches, are mentioned often in Roman literature from the first two decades of the Common Era. 
  • Women's heads and breasts were filled with toxic milk, and they possessed wings and produced eggs. 
  • In Lucius Apuleius' second-century Latin book The Golden Assault, a strix occurs
  • After consuming a potion and soaking in an anise-bay laurel potion, Pamphile the strix reverts to her original shape. 
  • It's unclear if the strix was meant to be regarded seriously from the start. 
  • Would visitors from the future, who had no background, understand the fact that contemporary monster movies were only for entertainment? 
  • The strix is reminiscent of legendary spirits such as Lilith and Lamia. 
  • Were the strigae the first followers of these spirits? 
  • This isn't just conjecture; there may have been a spiritual link: late Roman sources depict Diana as a strigae leader, but this could have been an effort to discredit Diana. 
  • The sirens and harpies, spirits with female heads and bird bodies, may also be linked to the strix.
  • During the European witch hunts, the idea of the night-flying, shape-shifting, sexually hungry, baby-killing witch reappeared with a fury. 

WOMEN'S MYSTERIES: Midwifery, Spinning; 

DIVINE WITCH: Diana, Lilith; Goes, Lamia.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is Baraka?

Baraka is an Arabic term that may be construed in a variety of ways, none of which are mutually exclusive, depending on the region: 

• Allah's precious grace 

• The holy magical energy that pervades the whole Earth and all living creatures 

The magical practitioner's purpose is to acquire baraka and improve it. 

More baraka means more power, blessings, and opportunities for prosperity, protection, and happiness. Ashe, Chi, Heka, Mana, and Nyama are other words for the same thing.

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Paganism & Wicca - What Is A Grabancijas Or Garaboncias?

Grabancijas is Southern Slav), and Garaboncias is Hungarian.

This word originates from Italian: necromancia and evolved into nigromancia, which was then perverted into gramanzia, and finally to these present forms. 

  • Both terms allude to the same thing: a supernatural creature born as an amazing wonder-child who learns and uses magic via shamanic trance. 
    • Because he is born with teeth and/or an additional finger, the child's fate is foreshadowed from birth. 
    • The boy, in his seventh or fourteenth year, must face a mystical foe in the guise of a bull. You won't have to look for this opponent; it'll find you.

  • While in a shamanic trance, you may gain magical power by levitating. 
  • The garaboncias is a traveler carrying a magical black book, according to legend. 
    • When he wants to ride in the skies, he raises snakes that turn into dragons. 
    • The garaboncias has a strong desire for dairy products. 
    • He utilizes his abilities to reward good deeds and punish bad deeds. 
    • Using his magic staff or a mirror, the garaboncias may discover riches, stolen or missing things, animals, or humans. Táltos is another name for Táltos.

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